ius

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root
*h₂yew-

From Proto-Italic *jowos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂yew-, an extended form of the root *h₂ey- (the source of aevum and iuvenis).

Noun[edit]

iūs n ‎(genitive iūris); third declension

  1. law, right, duty
    Jus summum saepe summa est malitia (The highest law is often the greatest roguery) — Terence Heautontimorumenos 4.5.43 (translation Benham's Book of Quotations 1948)
  2. court of law
Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative iūs iūra
genitive iūris iūrum
dative iūrī iūribus
accusative iūs iūra
ablative iūre iūribus
vocative iūs iūra
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Akin to Proto-Germanic *justaz (whence Old Norse ostr), Proto-Slavic *juxa (whence Polish jucha, Russian уха ‎(uxa)).

Noun[edit]

iūs n ‎(genitive iūris); third declension

  1. gravy
  2. broth
  3. sauce
Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative iūs iūra
genitive iūris iūrum
dative iūrī iūribus
accusative iūs iūra
ablative iūre iūribus
vocative iūs iūra
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]