iuvenis

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *juwenis, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂yéwHō. Cognate with Sanskrit युवन् (yúvan), Persian جوان(javān), Old Irish óc (early OIr: óac), Old English ġeong (whence English young).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

iuvenis (genitive iuvenis, comparative iūnior or iuvenior, superlative iuvenissimus); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. young

Declension[edit]

Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative iuvenis iuvenēs iuvenia
Genitive iuvenum
iuvenium
Dative iuvenī iuvenibus
Accusative iuvenem iuvenis iuvenēs iuvenia
Ablative iuvenī iuvenibus
Vocative iuvenis iuvenēs iuvenia

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

iuvenis m or f (genitive iuvenis); third declension

  1. A youth, a young man, young woman, young adult (between ages 20-40), (older than an adulescens but younger than a senior/senex)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative iuvenis iuvenēs
Genitive iuvenis iuvenum
Dative iuvenī iuvenibus
Accusative iuvenem iuvenēs
Ablative iuvene iuvenibus
Vocative iuvenis iuvenēs

Usage notes[edit]

  • While iuvenis does mean "youth, young man, young woman", the ages of a iuvenis ranged from age 20 to age 40. By today's standards, we would not call a man who is thirty-eight years of age a "young adult", but in classical Latin, they did.

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • iuvenis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • iuvenis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)