adulescens

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From adolēscō +‎ -ēns with a phonological change from 'o' to 'u' in the antepenultimate syllable.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

adulēscēns (genitive adulēscentis, comparative adulēscentior); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. young, youthful
  2. minor (of two boys)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative adulēscēns adulēscentēs adulēscentia
Genitive adulēscentis adulēscentium
Dative adulēscentī adulēscentibus
Accusative adulēscentem adulēscēns adulēscentēs adulēscentia
Ablative adulēscentī adulēscentibus
Vocative adulēscēns adulēscentēs adulēscentia

Noun[edit]

adulēscēns m or f (genitive adulēscentis); third declension

  1. a youth, a youngster; a young man, a lad; a young lady, a young woman, a maiden (likely between ages 14-21) (older than a puer but younger than a iuvenis)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative adulēscēns adulēscentēs
Genitive adulēscentis adulēscentium
Dative adulēscentī adulēscentibus
Accusative adulēscentem adulēscentēs
adulēscentīs
Ablative adulēscente adulēscentibus
Vocative adulēscēns adulēscentēs

The genitive plural is usually adulēscentium; the alternative form adulēscentum is also attested, though rare.[1][2]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • adulescens”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • adulescens”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • adulescens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • still quote a young (old) man: admodum adulescens, senex
    • he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • a promising youth: adulescens bonae (egregiae) spei
  • adulescens”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  1. ^ ădŭlescens in Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford. Clarendon Press, 1879
  2. ^ Perseus Search Results, Perseus Digital Library