adolesco

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ad- +‎ olēscō.

Verb[edit]

adolēscō (present infinitive adolēscere, perfect active adolēvī or adoluī, supine adultum); third conjugation, no passive

  1. to grow up, become an adult, mature
  2. to grow, increase, augment, become greater
    Synonyms: accrēscō, crēscō, excrēscō, olēscō, glīscō
    Antonym: dēcrēscō
Conjugation[edit]
  • The only attested passive forms are those from adultus, which is used in an active sense.
   Conjugation of adolēscō (third conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adolēscō adolēscis adolēscit adolēscimus adolēscitis adolēscunt
imperfect adolēscēbam adolēscēbās adolēscēbat adolēscēbāmus adolēscēbātis adolēscēbant
future adolēscam adolēscēs adolēscet adolēscēmus adolēscētis adolēscent
perfect adolēvī,
adoluī
adolēvistī,
adoluistī,
adolēstī1
adolēvit,
adoluit,
adolēt1
adolēvimus,
adoluimus,
adolēmus1
adolēvistis,
adoluistis,
adolēstis1
adolēvērunt,
adolēvēre,
adoluērunt,
adoluēre,
adolērunt1
pluperfect adolēveram,
adolueram,
adolēram1
adolēverās,
adoluerās,
adolērās1
adolēverat,
adoluerat,
adolērat1
adolēverāmus,
adoluerāmus,
adolērāmus1
adolēverātis,
adoluerātis,
adolērātis1
adolēverant,
adoluerant,
adolērant1
future perfect adolēverō,
adoluerō,
adolērō1
adolēveris,
adolueris,
adolēris1
adolēverit,
adoluerit,
adolērit1
adolēverimus,
adoluerimus,
adolērimus1
adolēveritis,
adolueritis,
adolēritis1
adolēverint,
adoluerint,
adolērint1
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adolēscam adolēscās adolēscat adolēscāmus adolēscātis adolēscant
imperfect adolēscerem adolēscerēs adolēsceret adolēscerēmus adolēscerētis adolēscerent
perfect adolēverim,
adoluerim,
adolērim1
adolēverīs,
adoluerīs,
adolērīs1
adolēverit,
adoluerit,
adolērit1
adolēverīmus,
adoluerīmus,
adolērīmus1
adolēverītis,
adoluerītis,
adolērītis1
adolēverint,
adoluerint,
adolērint1
pluperfect adolēvissem,
adoluissem,
adolēssem1
adolēvissēs,
adoluissēs,
adolēssēs1
adolēvisset,
adoluisset,
adolēsset1
adolēvissēmus,
adoluissēmus,
adolēssēmus1
adolēvissētis,
adoluissētis,
adolēssētis1
adolēvissent,
adoluissent,
adolēssent1
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adolēsce adolēscite
future adolēscitō adolēscitō adolēscitōte adolēscuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives adolēscere adolēvisse,
adoluisse,
adolēsse1
adultūrum esse
participles adolēscēns adultūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
adolēscendī adolēscendō adolēscendum adolēscendō adultum adultū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: adolesce
  • Esperanto: adoleski
  • Ido: adolecar
  • Portuguese: adolescer

Etymology 2[edit]

From adoleō (burn) +‎ -scō.

Verb[edit]

adolēscō (present infinitive adolēscere); third conjugation, no passive, no perfect or supine stem

  1. to be kindled or burn (of a sacrifice)
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of adolēscō (third conjugation, no supine stem, no perfect stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adolēscō adolēscis adolēscit adolēscimus adolēscitis adolēscunt
imperfect adolēscēbam adolēscēbās adolēscēbat adolēscēbāmus adolēscēbātis adolēscēbant
future adolēscam adolēscēs adolēscet adolēscēmus adolēscētis adolēscent
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adolēscam adolēscās adolēscat adolēscāmus adolēscātis adolēscant
imperfect adolēscerem adolēscerēs adolēsceret adolēscerēmus adolēscerētis adolēscerent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adolēsce adolēscite
future adolēscitō adolēscitō adolēscitōte adolēscuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives adolēscere
participles adolēscēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
adolēscendī adolēscendō adolēscendum adolēscendō

References[edit]

  • adolesco”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • adolesco”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • adolesco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette