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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹木月竹X (HDBHX), four-corner 22977, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 857, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1283, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2624, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7A3B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'uːʔ): semantic  ‎(grain, cereal, rice) + phonetic  ‎(OC *lowʔ, *lu, *lo).

Etymology[edit]

Area word (rice culture originated in the south). Often compared with Proto-Hmong-Mien *mbləu ‎(rice plant/paddy), whence White Hmong nplej.

The relationship with similar-looking Mon-Khmer words is ambiguous; compare Vietnamese lúa ‎(paddy rice).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final: (89)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dào
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/dɑuX/ /dɑuX/ /dɑuX/ /dawX/ /dɑuX/ /dɑuX/ /dʱɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dào ‹ dawX › /*[l]ˤuʔ/ rice, paddy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14741 1 /*l'uːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. paddy, rice (Oryza sativa)
  2. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Cantonese, Hakka, Gan, Min Zhong)
  • (Min Dong, Min Nan)
  • (Min Nan) 稻仔

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune-Reischauer to, Yale to)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đạo)

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