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See also:
U+7A3B, 稻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A3B

[U+7A3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A3C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115, +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹木月竹X (HDBHX), four-corner 22977, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 857, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1283, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2624, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7A3B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𫁃
Min vernacular
⿰禾刀 second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'uːʔ): semantic  (grain, cereal, rice) + phonetic  (OC *lowʔ, *lu, *lo).

Etymology[edit]

Area word (rice culture originated in the south). Often compared with Proto-Hmong-Mien *mbləu (rice plant/paddy), whence White Hmong nplej (Bodman, 1980).

The relationship with similar-looking Mon-Khmer words is ambiguous (Schuessler, 2007). Ferlus (2010) proposes a connection between Old Chinese (OC *l'uːʔ) and Proto-Mon-Khmer *sruʔ (paddy), which in turn is linked to Proto-Mon-Khmer *t₂rawʔ (taro), as the two plants share the same farming niche.

The native Min word may be a variant (Schuessler, 2007, apud Norman, p.c.).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • dô̤ - literary;
  • dêu - vernacular (sometimes written as ).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tō/tǒ͘ - literary;
    • tāu/tǎu - vernacular;
    • tiū/tiǔ - vernacular (sometimes written as ).
    Note:
    • dao6 - literary;
    • diu6 - vernacular (sometimes written as ).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dɑuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dɑuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɑuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /dɑuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɑuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dawX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[l]ˁuʔ/
    English rice, paddy

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14741
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'uːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. paddy; rice (Oryza sativa)
    2. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. rice plant

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune–Reischauer to, Yale to)

    1. rice

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đạo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.