いね

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Japanese[edit]

Alternative spelling
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Etymology[edit]

⟨i1nai⟩ → */jinai/ → */jine//ine/

From Old Japanese.

Possibly from Proto-Japonic *jinaC-[1] and related to (yone, husked rice).

Unknown "-C-" consonantal segment, reconstructed by Vovin (1998), seems unlikely considering [a ~ e] vowel alternation:

Compare (awi → ai, indigo) from (awo, blue) + (i, emphatic nominative particle)[2] against 白き (⟨siro1ki1 → shiroki)白い (shiroi, white). [3].

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (non-productive, bound form)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

いね or イネ (ineいね (ine)?

  1. the Asian rice plant, Oryza sativa
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3459), text here
      伊祢(いね)都氣波(つけば)可加流安我手乎(かかるあがてを)許余比毛可(こよひもか)等能乃和久胡我(とののわくごが)等里弖奈氣可武(とりてなげかむ) [Man'yōgana]
      (いね)()けばかかる()()今宵(こよひ)もか殿(との)若子(わくご)()りて(なげ)かむ [Modern spelling]
      ine tsukeba kakaru aga te o koyoi mo ka tono no wakugo ga torite nagekamu
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of rice plants

Usage notes[edit]

  • As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary).

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

いね (Ineいね (ine)?

  1. (dated) a female given name
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitman, John (2012). "Northeast Asian Linguistic Ecology and the Advent of Rice Agriculture in Korea and Japan, Rice, Volume 4, Issue 3–4, pp 149–158. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12284-011-9080-0
  2. ^ Thomas Pellard (2013). Ryukyuan perspectives on the proto-Japonic vowel system. Frellesvig, Bjarke; Sells, Peter. Japanese/Korean Linguistics 20, CSLI Publications, pp.81–96, 2013.
  3. ^ Hamano, S. "Voicing of Obstruents in Old Japanese: Evidence from the Sound-Symbolic Stratum." Journal of East Asian Linguistics (2000) 9. 3: 207-225. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008367619295
  4. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN