sākt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin of this word is unclear. It may come from Proto-Indo-European *ḱek-, *kek-, *sḱek-, *skek-(to jump) (whence also Russian скакать(skakatʹ, to hop, to leap)), from which, via ablaut, *kāk- > Proto-Baltic *šak- > Latvian sākt. Others suggest a different Proto-Indo-European stem *kā-, *kō- as the source, different from that of Russian скакать(skakatʹ). The original meaning was probably “to jump,” from which “to rush, to go quickly (to do something)” > “to start, to begin.” Cognates include Lithuanian šókti(to jump, to dance; to rush (to do something)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

sākt tr., 1st conj., pres. sāku, sāc, sāk, past sāku

  1. to begin, to start (to carry out the first steps, stages of an action)
    sākt celtniecību, sēju, pētījumu‎ ― to begin the construction, the sowing, the research
    sākt sarunu‎ ― to start a conversation
    sākt stastīt‎ ― to start telling
    sākt strādāt, runāt, iet‎ ― to start working, talking, going
    sākt vēstuli, gleznu‎ ― to start a letter, a painting
  2. to begin, to start (to participate in the first stage or phase (of work, study, etc.)
    sākt jauno mācību gadu‎ ― to start the new school year
    lauku mājas sāka dienu‎ ― the farmhouses started the (work) day
    sākt darba mūžu‎ ― to start (one's) work life
  3. to begin, to start (to use the first part, component(s) of something)
    sākt jaunu cigarešu paciņu‎ ― to start a new pack of cigarettes
    sākt pēdējo maizes klaipu‎ ― to start the last loaf of bread
  4. to begin, to start (to show the first signs of (something); to do for the first time(s))
    sākt smieties‎ ― to start laughing
    bērns sācis baidīties no suņiem‎ ― the child began to be afraid of dogs
    sāku dusmoties uz Ilželes māti‎ ― I began to be angry at Ilžele's mother
  5. to begin, to start (to become noticeable for the first time, to show the first signs of (something))
    sāk krēslot‎ ― it began to get dark
    uguns sāk degt‎ ― the fire began to burn
    sniegs sāka kust‎ ― the snow began to melt

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sākt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7