जनि

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Braj[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit यथा (yathā na). Equivalent in function to Hindi मत (mat).

Particle[edit]

जनि (jani)

  1. do not

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰánHiš, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷen- (woman). Cognate with Avestan 𐬘𐬇𐬥𐬌 (jə̄ni), 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬌 (jaini, woman), Persian زن (zan), Ancient Greek γῠνή (gunḗ), Baluchi جن (jan), Russian жена́ (žená), English quean. Compare also English gyno-, an Ancient Greek borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d͡ʑɐ́.n̪i/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʑɐ.n̪i/
  • Noun[edit]

    जनि (jánif

    1. woman, wife
    2. birth, production
    3. (botany) a kind of fragrant plant
    4. mother
    5. birth, i.e. life
    6. birthplace

    Declension[edit]

    Feminine i-stem declension of जनि (jáni)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative जनिः
    jániḥ
    जनी
    jánī
    जनयः
    jánayaḥ
    Vocative जने
    jáne
    जनी
    jánī
    जनयः
    jánayaḥ
    Accusative जनिम्
    jánim
    जनी
    jánī
    जनीः
    jánīḥ
    Instrumental जन्या
    jányā
    जनिभ्याम्
    jánibhyām
    जनिभिः
    jánibhiḥ
    Dative जनये / जन्ये¹ / जन्यै²
    jánaye / jánye¹ / jányai²
    जनिभ्याम्
    jánibhyām
    जनिभ्यः
    jánibhyaḥ
    Ablative जनेः / जन्याः²
    jáneḥ / jányāḥ²
    जनिभ्याम्
    jánibhyām
    जनिभ्यः
    jánibhyaḥ
    Genitive जन्युर्
    jányur
    जन्योः
    jányoḥ
    जनीनाम्
    jánīnām
    Locative जनौ / जन्याम्²
    jánau / jányām²
    जन्योः
    jányoḥ
    जनिषु
    jániṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Less common
    • ²Later Sanskrit

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 411