γυνή

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Ancient Greek[edit]

γυνὴ καλέεται Σαπφὼ Λέσϐου.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn (woman). Cognates include Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀙𐀊 (ku-na-ja), Sanskrit जनि (jani), Old Armenian կին (kin), and Old English cwēn (English queen).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

γῠνή (gunḗf (genitive γῠναικός); third declension

  1. woman, female
    412 BCE, Euripides, Helen 329
    Γυναῖκα γὰρ δὴ συμπονεῖν γυναικὶ χρή.
    Gunaîka gàr dḕ sumponeîn gunaikì khrḗ.
    a woman ought to help a woman
  2. wife
    Palladas
    Πᾶσα γυνὴ χόλος ἐστίν· ἔχει δ’ ἀγαθὰς δύο ὥρας, τὴν μίαν ἐν θαλάμῳ, τὴν μίαν ἐν θανάτῳ.
    Pâsa gunḕ khólos estín; ékhei d’ agathàs dúo hṓras, tḕn mían en thalámōi, tḕn mían en thanátōi.
    Every woman is an annoyance. She has two good times: one in the bedroom, one in death.

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]