γυνή

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

γυνὴ καλέεται Σαπφὼ Λέσϐου.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn (woman). Cognates include Mycenaean Greek 𐀓𐀙𐀊 (ku-na-ja), Sanskrit जनि (jani), Old Armenian կին (kin), and Old English cwēn (English queen).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ɡy.nɛ̌ː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɡyˈne/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ɣyˈni/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ʝyˈni/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ʝiˈni/
  • Noun[edit]

    γῠνή (gunḗf (genitive γῠναικός); third declension

    1. woman, female
      412 BCE, Euripides, Helen 329
      Γυναῖκα γὰρ δὴ συμπονεῖν γυναικὶ χρή.
      Gunaîka gàr dḕ sumponeîn gunaikì khrḗ.
      A woman ought to help a woman.
      Palladas
      Πᾶσα γυνὴ χόλος ἐστὶν· ἔχει δ’ ἀγαθὰς δύο ὥρας, τὴν μίαν ἐν θαλάμῳ, τὴν μίαν ἐν θανάτῳ.
      Pâsa gunḕ khólos estìn; ékhei d’ agathàs dúo hṓras, tḕn mían en thalámōi, tḕn mían en thanátōi.
      Every woman is an annoyance. She has two good times: one in the bedroom, one in death.
    2. wife

    Inflection[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]