-tar

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Supposedly clipped from tytär ‎(daughter) and then adapted to vowel harmony.

Suffix[edit]

-tar ‎(front vowel harmony variant -tär)

  1. Forms the female counterpart of nouns indicating a person.
    kuningas king → kuningatar queen
    näyttelijä actor → näyttelijätär actress
    saksalainen German → saksatar a German female

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -tar (Kotus type 32/sisar, tt-t gradation)
nominative -tar -ttaret
genitive -ttaren -ttarien
-tarten
partitive -tarta -ttaria
illative -ttareen -ttariin
singular plural
nominative -tar -ttaret
accusative nom. -tar -ttaret
gen. -ttaren
genitive -ttaren -ttarien
-tarten
partitive -tarta -ttaria
inessive -ttaressa -ttarissa
elative -ttaresta -ttarista
illative -ttareen -ttariin
adessive -ttarella -ttarilla
ablative -ttarelta -ttarilta
allative -ttarelle -ttarille
essive -ttarena -ttarina
translative -ttareksi -ttariksi
instructive -ttarin
abessive -ttaretta -ttaritta
comitative -ttarineen

Usage notes[edit]

  • This is a nominal suffix, i.e. attached to nouns.
  • The suffix is appended to the weak stem.
  • With words ending in -lainen, -tar is appended to the stem not including -lainen.
  • Nowadays it's uncommon and old fashioned to use the female forms of professions.

Related terms[edit]

  • -tär (back vowel variant)

Derived terms[edit]