shqip

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Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either a calque of Proto-Slavic *slověne (Slavs) using shqipoj (to speak clearly),[3] or else from shqipe, shkype, dialectal forms of shkabë (eagle), according to a tribal totemic belief linked to the Albanian medieval flag. Replaced the now dialectal (Arbëresh, Arvanitika) arbër, αρbε̰ρ (arbër) ~ arbën.

Petar Skok suggested that this word is originated from Scupi (Shkupi), the capital of the Roman province of Dardania (today's Skopje).[4] According to Petar Skok, the Albanian demonym Shkuptar (as in inhabitant of Skopje) changed to Shkiptar, which is still used among Arvanite Albanians in Greece, and later to Shqiptar.[5]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃcip/, /ʃc͡ɕip/ (Standard Albanian)
  • IPA(key): /ʃcip/, /ʃc͡ɕip/ (Gheg, [c]~[c͡ɕ] may merge with [t͡ɕ]~[t͡ʃ] in northern Gheg dialects)
(file)

(Audio: [c]~[c͡ɕ] > [t͡ɕ]~[t͡ʃ])

Adjective[edit]

shqip m (feminine shqipe)[6]

  1. Albanian
    gjuha shqipethe Albanian language

Adverb[edit]

shqip[7]

  1. in the Albanian language
  2. clear, understandable, comprehensive, unequivocally
    Synonyms: qartë, kuptueshëm
    Ia tha shkurt e shqip.He said it short and clear.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] ΔΙΑΤΑ Ε RĒ (Standard Albanian: Dhjata e Re ('The New Testament'), Konstantin Kristoforidi (Konstandin Kristoforidhi), 1872
  2. ^ Fialuur i voghel Sccyp e ltinisct (Small Dictionary of Albanian and Latin), page 16, by P. Jak Junkut, 1895, Sckoder
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “shqip”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 434
  4. ^ "ALBANCI". Enciklopedija Jugoslavije 2nd ed. Supplement. Zagreb: JLZ. 1984. p. 1.
  5. ^ Shqiptar on Wikipedia
  6. ^ Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 547 (adjective shqíp (m.), shqípe (f.))
  7. ^ Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 547 (adverb shqip)
  8. ^ William Martin-Leake (1814) Researches in Greece, John Booth, Duke Street, Portland Place, page 296 ([2] → see chapter “Romaico (greek) - Arvanetic (arvanitic) vocabulary”: Άλβανήτης, Άρβανήτης = Albanian = Skipetár)
  9. ^ William Martin-Leake (2010) Reasearches in Greece, Cambridge University Press, New York, USA, →ISBN, page 296 ([3] → see chapter “Romaico (greek) - Arvanetic (arvanitic) vocabulary”: Άλβανήτης, Άρβανήτης = Albanian = Skipetár)

Further reading[edit]

  • [4] adjective shqip (shqipe (f.)) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [5] adverb shqip • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [6] shqip • "Fjalë - Fjalor Shqip" ('Word - Albanian Dictionary')
  • [7] shqip • "Shkenca" ('Science')
  • [8] shqip • "Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme Shqipe - Shkenca" ('Dictionary of today's Albanian language - Science')