shqip

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Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either deverbal from shqipoj (to speak clearly), or else from shqipe, shkype, dialectal forms of shkabë (eagle), according to a tribal totemic belief linked to the Albanian medieval flag. Replaced the now dialectal (Arbërësh, Arvantika) arbër ~ arbën.

Petar Skok suggested that this word is originated from Scupi (Shkupi), the capital of the Roman province of Dardania (today's Skopje). [3] According to Petar Skok, the Albanian demonym Shkuptar (as in inhabitant of Skopje) changed to Shkiptar, which is still used among Arvanitis Albanians in Greece, and later to Shqiptar [4].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃcip/, /ʃc͡ɕip/ (Standard Albanian)
  • IPA(key): /ʃcip/, /ʃc͡ɕip/ (Gheg, [c]~[c͡ɕ] merge with [t͡ɕ]~[t͡ʃ] in northern dialects)
(file)

(Audio: [c]~[c͡ɕ] > [t͡ɕ]~[t͡ʃ])

Adjective[edit]

shqip m (feminine shqipe)

  1. Albanian
    gjuha shqipethe Albanian language

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] ΔΙΑΤΑ Ε RĒ (Standard Albanian: Dhjata e Re ('The New Testament'), Konstantin Kristoforidi (Konstandin Kristoforidhi), 1872
  2. ^ Fialuur i voghel Sccyp e ltinisct (Small Dictionary of Albanian and Latin), page 16, by P. Jak Junkut, 1895, Sckoder
  3. ^ "ALBANCI". Enciklopedija Jugoslavije 2nd ed. Supplement. Zagreb: JLZ. 1984. p. 1.
  4. ^ Shqiptar on Wikipedia