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From a Proto-Indo-European root meaning "to choke", related to Vedic Sanskrit तम् (tam, to choke) and Sanskrit तम् (tam, breathless, difficulty breathing). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈti.me.oː/, [ˈt̪ɪ.me.oː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈti.me.o/, [ˈt̪iː.mɛ.ɔ]
  • (file)


timeō (present infinitive timēre, perfect active timuī); second conjugation, no supine stem

  1. (transitive) I fear, am afraid of, apprehend, am apprehensive of
  2. (intransitive) I am afraid, I fear, I am apprehensive

Usage notes[edit]


   Conjugation of timeō (second conjugation, no supine stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present timeō timēs timet timēmus timētis timent
imperfect timēbam timēbās timēbat timēbāmus timēbātis timēbant
future timēbō timēbis timēbit timēbimus timēbitis timēbunt
perfect timuī timuistī timuit timuimus timuistis timuērunt, timuēre
pluperfect timueram timuerās timuerat timuerāmus timuerātis timuerant
future perfect timuerō timueris timuerit timuerimus timueritis timuerint
passive present timeor timēris, timēre timētur timēmur timēminī timentur
imperfect timēbar timēbāris, timēbāre timēbātur timēbāmur timēbāminī timēbantur
future timēbor timēberis, timēbere timēbitur timēbimur timēbiminī timēbuntur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present timeam timeās timeat timeāmus timeātis timeant
imperfect timērem timērēs timēret timērēmus timērētis timērent
perfect timuerim timuerīs timuerit timuerīmus timuerītis timuerint
pluperfect timuissem timuissēs timuisset timuissēmus timuissētis timuissent
passive present timear timeāris, timeāre timeātur timeāmur timeāminī timeantur
imperfect timērer timērēris, timērēre timērētur timērēmur timērēminī timērentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present timē timēte
future timētō timētō timētōte timentō
passive present timēre timēminī
future timētor timētor timentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives timēre timuisse timērī
participles timēns timendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
timendī timendō timendum timendō


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Asturian: temer
  • Catalan: témer, tembre
  • Corsican: teme
  • Old Francoprovençal: temer
  • Old French: temoir
  • French: timide (borrowing)
  • Friulian: temê
  • Galician: temer
  • Esperanto: timi
  • Italian: temere
  • Occitan: témer