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From timeō (I fear) +‎ -idus.


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈti.mi.dus/, [ˈt̪ɪmɪd̪ʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈti.mi.dus/, [ˈt̪iːmid̪us]
  • (file)


timidus (feminine timida, neuter timidum, comparative timidior); first/second-declension adjective

  1. fearful, afraid, apprehensive, timid
    Synonym: pavidus
  2. cowardly
    Antonyms: audāx, audēns, prōmptus


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative timidus timida timidum timidī timidae timida
Genitive timidī timidae timidī timidōrum timidārum timidōrum
Dative timidō timidō timidīs
Accusative timidum timidam timidum timidōs timidās timida
Ablative timidō timidā timidō timidīs
Vocative timide timida timidum timidī timidae timida

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Related terms[edit]



  • timidus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • timidus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • timidus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • timidus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette