tenebrae

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See also: Tenebrae

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

With regressive dissimilation (m-b > n-b) from *temabrāi, nominalized feminine plural from Proto-Italic *temazros (dark), from Proto-Indo-European *temH-(e)s-ro-, from *temH-. Related to temere.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tenebrae f pl (genitive tenebrārum); first declension

  1. darkness, especially the darkness of night
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2:
      terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  2. (poetic) shadow of death
  3. prison, dungeon
  4. (by extension) gloom or darkness of the mind

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun, plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative tenebrae
Genitive tenebrārum
Dative tenebrīs
Accusative tenebrās
Ablative tenebrīs
Vocative tenebrae

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: tenebres
  • French: ténèbres
  • Galician: tebras
  • Ido: tenebro
  • Istriot: tienabre

References[edit]