carcer

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See also: càrcer

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *karkros, from Proto-Indo-European *kr-kr- (circular), reduplication of *(s)ker- (to turn, bend) in the sense of "enclosure", and as such a doublet of cancer. Cognate with circus, curvus, crux, crīnis, crispus, English ring. It is not known how the noun shifted to the third declension.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

carcer m (genitive carceris); third declension

  1. prison, jail
  2. jailbird
  3. traps (barriers at start of a horse race)
  4. commencement, beginning
  5. starting gate
    Ad carceres a calce revocari.
    To be called back from the finish line to the starting gates.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative carcer carcerēs
Genitive carceris carcerum
Dative carcerī carceribus
Accusative carcerem carcerēs
Ablative carcere carceribus
Vocative carcer carcerēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • carcer”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • carcer”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • carcer in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to throw some one into prison: in carcerem conicere aliquem
  • carcer”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • carcer”, in Samuel Ball Platner (1929), Thomas Ashby, editor, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, London: Oxford University Press
  • carcer”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Old Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin carcer, carcerem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

carcer

  1. jail, prison

Descendants[edit]