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Alternative forms[edit]


From Old French enduire, partly from Latin indūcere (lead in), partly from en- + duire (from the same Latin root). Doublet of induce.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪnˈdjuː/, /ɛnˈdjuː/


endue (third-person singular simple present endues, present participle enduing, simple past and past participle endued)

  1. (obsolete) To pass food into the stomach; to digest; also figuratively, to take on, absorb.
    • c. 1503–1512, John Skelton, Ware the Hauke; republished in John Scattergood, editor, John Skelton: The Complete English Poems, 1983, OCLC 8728872, lines 77–78, page 63:
      Her mete was very crude,
      She had not wel endude; []
  2. To take on, to take the form of.
    • 1988, Anthony Burgess, Any Old Iron:
      My transport of the afternoon, and the matter of physical contrast, made me endue the tactile apparatus of another man, any man but me, and imagine the beauty of Zip in his caressing arms.
  3. To put on (a piece of clothing); to clothe (someone with something).
    • And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.
    • 1814, Walter Scott, chapter 12, in Waverley:
      By this time the Baron, with the help of Mr. Saunderson, had indued a pair of jack-boots of large dimensions, and now invited our hero to follow him as he stalked clattering down the ample staircase []
    • 1985, Anthony Burgess, Kingdom of the Wicked
      Judaea greeted its monarch. He was to ascend to the immemorial sacring place of millennia of kings, there to be endued with the robe and crown of rule.
  4. To invest (someone) with a given quality, property etc.; to endow.
    • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, I.11:
      That the Sun, Moon, and Stars are living creatures, endued with soul and life, seems an innocent Error, and an harmless digression from truth []
    • 1663, Hudibras, by Samuel Butler, part 1, canto 1
      Thus was th' accomplish'd squire endued / With gifts and knowledge per'lous shrewd.
    • 1818, Mary Shelley, Frankenstein:
      A being whom I myself had formed, and endued with life, had met me at midnight among the precipices of an inaccessible mountain.
    • 1935, T.S. Eliot, Murder in the Cathedral, Part II:
      But after dissension
      Had ended, in France, and you were endued
      With your former privilege, how did you show your gratitude?

Derived terms[edit]