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Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle English engrossen, from Anglo-Norman engrosser (to gather in large quantities, draft something in final form); partly from the phrase en gros (in bulk, in quantity, at wholesale), from en- + gros; and partly from Medieval Latin ingrossō (thicken, write something large and in bold lettering, v.), from in- + grossus (great, big, thick), from Old High German grōz (big, thick, coarse), from Proto-West Germanic *graut, from Proto-Germanic *grautaz (large, great, thick, coarse grained, unrefined), from Proto-Indo-European *ghrewə- (to fell, put down, fall in). More at in-, gross.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɪŋˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛŋˈɡɹəʊs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɪŋˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛnˈɡɹoʊs/, /ɛŋˈɡɹoʊs/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -əʊs


engross (third-person singular simple present engrosses, present participle engrossing, simple past and past participle engrossed)

  1. (transitive, now law) To write (a document) in large, aesthetic, and legible lettering; to make a finalized copy of.
    Coordinate term: longhand
  2. (transitive, business, obsolete) To buy up wholesale, especially to buy the whole supply of (a commodity etc.).
    Synonym: corner the market
  3. (transitive) To monopolize; to concentrate (something) in the single possession of someone, especially unfairly.
  4. (transitive) To completely engage the attention of.
    She seems to be completely engrossed in that book.
    • 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H.L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 250:
      Having made a few vain attempts at engrossing my attention in my book, I was obliged to let myself be carried away by the impetuous torrent of the squire's eloquence.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To thicken; to condense.
    Synonyms: inspissate; see also Thesaurus:thicken
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To make gross, thick, or large; to thicken; to increase in bulk or quantity.
  7. (obsolete) To amass.
    Synonyms: amound, hoard; see also Thesaurus:amass

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