- empirick (obsolete)
From Old French empirique, from Latin empiricus, from Ancient Greek ἐμπειρικός (empeirikós, “experienced”), from ἐμπειρία (empeiría, “experience, mere experience or practice without knowledge, especially in medicine, empiricism”), from ἔμπειρος (émpeiros, “experienced or practised in”), from ἐν (en, “in”) + πεῖρα (peîra, “a trial, experiment, attempt”). Not related to empire.
empiric (plural empirics)
- (historical) A member of a sect of ancient physicians who based their theories solely on experience.
- Someone who is guided by empiricism; an empiricist.
- Any unqualified or dishonest practitioner; a charlatan; a quack.
- 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:, New York Review, Books, 2001, p.257:
- An empiric oftentimes, and a silly chirurgeon, doth more strange cures than a rational physician.
- 1661, Robert Boyle, The Sceptical Chymist, p.24:
- […] Paracelsus and some few other sooty Empiricks, rather then (as they are fain to call themselves) Philosophers, having their eyes darken'd, and their Brains troubl'd with the smoke of their own Furnaces, began to rail at the Peripatetick Doctrine, which they were too illiterate to understand […]
- 1689 (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], “XIX. Of Wrong Assent, or Error”, in An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. […], London: […] Eliz[abeth] Holt, for Thomas Basset, […], OCLC 153628242, book IV, § 4, page 354:
- […] and must therefore swallow down Opinions, as silly People do Empiricks['] Pills, without knowing what they are made of […]
- 1913 January, Moreton Frewen, “The Great Drain of Gold to India”, in The Nineteenth Century and After: A Monthly Review Founded by James Knowles, volume LXXIII, number CCCCXXXI, New York, N.Y.: Leonard Scott Publication Co.; London: Spottiswoode & Co. Ltd., printers, OCLC 776577785, page 59:
- The fact is, that since a good, sound, honest, efficient, automatic, nonmetallic currency and standard was tampered with in 1893, India has been a happy hunting-ground for any empiric who conjured with a new scheme of currency, no matter how fantastic.
- 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p.33:
- To the disgust of doctors, the royal family at Versailles allowed one Brun, a wandering empiric […], to administer a proprietary ‘sovereign remedy’ to the ailing monarch.
- “empiric” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- “empiric” in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- empiric at OneLook Dictionary Search
- Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “empiric”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.