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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *h₁én.




  1. (+dative) in
  2. (+accusative) into


  • Proto-West Germanic: *in
    • Old English: in, ᛁᚾ (in)
      • Middle English: in
        • English: in
        • Scots: in
    • Old Frisian: in
      • North Frisian:
      • Saterland Frisian: in
      • West Frisian: yn
    • Old Saxon: in
      • Middle Low German: in
    • Old Dutch: in
      • Middle Dutch: in
        • Dutch: in
          • Afrikaans: in
        • Limburgish: in
    • Old High German: in
      • Middle High German: in
        • Bavarian: i
          Cimbrian: inn, in (preposition)
        • Central Franconian: en, ön, on
        • German: in
        • Luxembourgish: an
        • Rhine Franconian: in, en
          • Pennsylvania German: in
        • Yiddish: אין (in)
  • Old Norse: í
    • Icelandic: í
    • Faroese: í, íggj
    • Norn: i
    • Norwegian Nynorsk: i
    • Norwegian Bokmål: i
    • Elfdalian: i
    • Old Swedish: ī
      • Swedish: i
    • Danish: i
  • Gothic: 𐌹𐌽 (in)