Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁én

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Adverb[edit]

*h₁én[2][3][4][5][6][7]

  1. in

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₁én-s
    • Hellenic: *ens
  • *h₁en-d(ʰ)r-óm[9]
    • Slavic: *ędro (see there for further descendants)

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ի (i) / յ- (y-)
  • Balto-Slavic: *in (from zero-grade form *h₁n̥)[4]
    • Old Prussian: ēn
    • Latvian: iekša (< *en-styā-s)
    • Lithuanian: į/in
    • Slavic: *vъ(n) (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *en[5] (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *in (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *en(i)[13]
  • Italic: *en[2] (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: [Term?]
    • Tocharian A: -an
    • Tocharian B: -ne

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “in”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 300
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “inter”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 306
  4. 4.0 4.1 Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 196–197
  5. 5.0 5.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*eni”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 116
  6. 6.0 6.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*enekʷo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 115
  7. 7.0 7.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*enter”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 117
  8. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “endo”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 189
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*ę̄drò”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 157
  10. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 765
  11. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*ę̄trò”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 158
  12. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 387
  13. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἐν”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 419