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See also: iekšā



Abstracted as a singular, with independent meaning, from the plural iekšas(guts, entrails), from an earlier (and still dialectal) iešas with an epenthetic k, from Proto-Baltic *en-styā-s, derived from *en-, *h₁en(in(side)). The adverb iekšā(inside) is the corresponding locative case form; in 16th- and 17th-century sources an old illative form iekšan is also used (from which is derived the old-fashioned preposition iekš). Cognates include Lithuanian įšcios((pl.) mother's lap; depth), Old Prussian instran(lard), Old Church Slavonic ѩтро(jętro, liver), Old Norse istr(inner fat), Middle Low German inster(slaughtered animal entrails), Ancient Greek ἔντερον(énteron, guts, intestines).[1]




iekša m (1st declension)

  1. interior, inside (the space in the inside of a building, house, etc.)
    rijas iekša ir melna‎ ― the inside of the barn is black
    nākt no iekšas‎ ― to come from inside
    dzīvot, strādāt pa iekšu‎ ― to live, to work inside
    durvis bija no iekšas ciet‎ ― the door was shut from the inside
  2. (chiefly reduced, used in compounds as a quasi-prefix) internal, inside, inner
    iekšlogs‎ ― interior, inside window
    iekšdurvis‎ ― interior door
    iekšsiena‎ ― interior wall
    iekškabata‎ ― inner pocket
    iekšdarbi‎ ― interior works
  3. in, inside (of something, some object)
    likt pēdas uz iekšu‎ ― to put one's food in(side) (something)
    zēni sabāzuši kopā, jaunākais rociņu satvēris dūrē ar īkšķīti uz iekšu‎ ― the boys were packed together, the youngest one having clutched his little hand into a fist with the thumb inside




  • (of "(area) inside"): ārs
  • (of "in, inside"): ārā
  • (of "internal, inner"): ārējs

Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “iekša”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7