ārs

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See also: ars, ARs, ARS, árs, and års

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ar-, *arə-(to plow) (compare Latvian art), whence also the lexicalized variant āre(open space; cultivated land) and the verb art(to plough). The adverb ārā(outside) is the corresponding locative case form; in 16th- and 17th-century sources an old illative form āran is also used. The original meaning of ārs was thus “ploughed, tilled field.” Cognates include Lithuanian óras(air; outside; sky; weather), Hittite arẖa(region, coast; away, outside), arẖi-(in a plain, in a glade, outside), Lydian 𐤠𐤠𐤭𐤠(aara, fence, fenced area, rural property), Albanian arë(field).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

ārs m (1st declension)

  1. exterior, outside (the space in the outside of a building, house, etc.)
    skraidīt pa āru‎ ― to run outside
    āra gaiss slimniecei varēja nākt tikai par labu‎ ― outside air could only be a good thing for the hospital
    no āra ienāceji vispirms iekļuva virtuvē, tad mazajā istabiņā ar diviem lodziņiem‎ ― the newcomers from outside first went into the kitchen, then into a little room with two little windows
  2. (chiefly genitive, used adjectivally) external, outside, outer
    āra logs‎ ― external, outside window
    āra durvis‎ ― outer door
  3. out, outside (of something, some object)
    dīvānam vidū bija bedre un dažas atsperes izspiedušās uz āru‎ ― in the middle of the coach there was a hole and several springs were bulging out
  4. (poetic) open space, open, outdoors; cultivated land, fields
    āros māsa uzaugusi, / aizved purva maliņā‎ ― (my) sister grew up in the open, / taken away to the edge of the swamp
    lūk, zeme zied; viens kūpošs ziedu ārs'‎ ― look! the earth is blooming; one hazy field of flowers!
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The term ārs(exterior, outside) is most often used as an adverb, in the locative (ārā), or then in compounds, in the genitive (āra), where it is usually reduced to ār-.

Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Via some other European language, ultimately from French are, formed on the basis of Latin ārea(open space) as a (rarely used) SI unit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

ārs m (1st declension)

  1. are (SI unit of area, equivalent to 100 square meters)
    netālu no Hjerkinnas (Norvēģijā) es dzelzceļa malā redzēju līdumu, 10 vai 15 āru platībā‎ ― not far from Hjerkinna (in Norway) I saw a clearing at the side of a railway, in area about 10 or 15 ares
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ārs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7