عقل

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ع ق ل(ʿ-q-l).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕaql/
  • (file)
  • (Hejazi Arabic) IPA(key): /ʕaɡil/

Noun[edit]

عَقْل (ʿaqlm (plural عُقُول(ʿuqūl))

  1. verbal noun of عَقَلَ (ʿaqala) (form I)
  2. understanding, reason, wisdom, sound judgment
    حَدِّثِ الْعَاقِلَ بِمَا لَا يَلِيقُ، فَإِنْ صَدَّقَ فَلَا عَقْلَ لَهُ.‎‎
    ḥaddiṯi l-ʿāqila bimā lā yalīqu, faʾin ṣaddaqa falā ʿaqla lahu.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. mind
  4. (Christianity) Holy Ghost
  5. asylum
  6. fortress
  7. bloodwite

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: għaqal
  • Azerbaijani: ağıl
  • Bashkir: аҡыл (aqıl)
  • Crimean Tatar: aqıl
  • Khakas: ағыл (ağıl)
  • Kazakh: ақыл (aqyl)
  • Kyrgyz: акыл (aqıl)
  • Malay: akal
  • Classical Persian: عقل('aql) (see there for further descendants)
  • Shor: ағыл
  • Swahili: akili
  • Ottoman Turkish: عقل(akl, akıl)
  • Turkmen: akyl
  • Uzbek: aql

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَقَلَ (ʿaqala) I, non-past يَعْقِلُ‎‎ (yaʿqilu)

  1. to hobble, to tie with the rope عِقَال(ʿiqāl)
  2. to be reasonable, to make sense
  3. to renounce revenge for wergeld, to relinquish retaliation of blood

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَقَلَ (ʿaqala) I, non-past يَعْقِلُ‎‎ (yaʿqilu)

  1. to make oneself inaccessible in a high mountain, to betake oneself for refuge

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَقَلَ (ʿaqala) I, non-past يَعْقِلُ‎‎ (yaʿqilu)

  1. to pasture upon camelthorn (عَاقُول(ʿāqūl))

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَقِلَ (ʿaqila) I, non-past يَعْقَلُ‎‎ (yaʿqalu)

  1. to have a twisting in the hind-leg

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَقَّلَ (ʿaqqala) II, non-past يُعَقِّلُ‎‎ (yuʿaqqilu)

  1. to make reasonable

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَقَل (ʿaqalm

  1. verbal noun of عَقَلَ (ʿaqala) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of عَقِلَ (ʿaqila) (form I)

Declension[edit]


Gojri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian عَقل('aql), from Arabic عَقْل(ʿaql).

Noun[edit]

عَقل ('aqlf

  1. intelligence, wisdom, sense

Further reading[edit]

  • Dr Rafique Anjum (2018) Concise Gojri-Kashmiri-English Dictionary, New Delhi: Adam Publishers & Distributors, →ISBN, page 310.
  • Javaid Rahi (2015), “عَقلْ”, in گوجری ڈکشنری [Gojri Dictionary] (in Gojri), page 663, column 2.

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ع ق ل

From Arabic عَقَلَ(ʿaqala).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عقل (ʕqal) (form I, non-past يعقل(yiʕqal))

  1. to remember

Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَقْل(ʿaql).

Noun[edit]

عقل (akl, akıl)

  1. understanding, reason, wisdom, sound judgment, mind

Descendants[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَقْل(ʿaql).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari عَقل
Iranian Persian
Tajik ақл (aql)

عَقل (aql)

  1. mind, intellect, understanding, reason
  2. good sense, sound judgment
    • 1976, خسرو شاهانی‎, “عینک طبی”, in کور لعنتی:
      تو هم اگر عقل درستی داشتی، روزگارت بهتر از این بود.‎‎
      to ham agar aql-e dorost-i dâšti, ruzegâr-et behtar az in bud.
      If you had good sense, your life would be better off than this.

Descendants[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian عَقل('aql), from Arabic عَقْل(ʿaql). First attested as Old Hindi अकलि (akali).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَقْل (‘aqlf (plural عُقُول‎, Hindi spelling अक़्ल)

  1. common sense
  2. understanding, wisdom
    Synonyms: سَمَجھ(samajh), بُدِّھی(buddhī)

Further reading[edit]

  • S. W. Fallon (1879), “عقل”, in A New Hindustani-English Dictionary, Banaras, London: Trubner and Co.
  • عقل”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “280”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “عقل”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co., page 437
  • عقل”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2022.
  • John Shakespear (1834), “عقل”, in A dictionary, Hindustani and English: with a copious index, fitting the work to serve, also, as a dictionary of English and Hindustani, 3rd edition, London: J.L. Cox and Son, OCLC 875051092, page 1224