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From Proto-Italic *pauros (few, small) with sonority hierarchy-related metathesis, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂urós, suffixed form of *peh₂w-. Cognate with Ancient Greek παῦρος (paûros), Old Armenian փոքր (pʿokʿr), and the Germanic cognates under Proto-Germanic *fawaz.

Alternative form[edit]

  • parvos (normal Republican spelling)



parvus (feminine parva, neuter parvum, comparative minor, superlative minimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Small, little, puny.
  2. Cheap, petty, trifling, ignorable, unimportant.
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First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative parvus parva parvum parvī parvae parva
Genitive parvī parvae parvī parvōrum parvārum parvōrum
Dative parvō parvō parvīs
Accusative parvum parvam parvum parvōs parvās parva
Ablative parvō parvā parvō parvīs
Vocative parve parva parvum parvī parvae parva

This adjective has irregular comparative and superlative degrees.



Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • parvus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • parvus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • parvus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • parvus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • from youth up: a puero (is), a parvo (is), a parvulo (is)
    • important results are often produced by trivial causes: ex parvis saepe magnarum rerum momenta pendent
    • a deep, high, thin, moderate voice: vox gravis, acuta, parva, mediocris
    • to be satisfied with a little: paucis, parvo contentum esse
    • to buy cheaply: parvo, vili pretio or bene emere
    • a thing costs much, little: aliquid magno, parvo stat, constat