փոքր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian փոքր (pʿokʿr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

փոքր (pʿokʿr) (superlative ամենափոքր)

  1. small, little
    փոքր շունpʿokʿr šunlittle dog
    փոքր մեքենաpʿokʿr mekʿenasmall car
  2. younger, junior
    փոքր եղբայրpʿokʿr ełbayryounger brother

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

փոքր (pʿokʿr)

  1. little

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The stem is փոքու- (pʿokʿu-). Traditionally ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂w- (few, little). The formal difficulties are explained by the "expressive" nature of the word and by dissimilatory and assimilatory changes. For the -ք- (-kʿ-) compare the Latin cognate paucus.

Adjective[edit]

փոքր (pʿokʿr)

  1. little, small; few; inconsiderable, trifling; minor
    փոքր ինչ, փոքր միpʿokʿr inčʿ, pʿokʿr misomewhat, a little
    փոքու իմնpʿokʿu imnin few; almost
    յետ փոքու, զկնի փոքու ինչ, յետ փոքր ինչyet pʿokʿu, zkni pʿokʿu inčʿ, yet pʿokʿr inčʿshortly after, in a short time, shortly
    ի փոքուստi pʿokʿustfrom small matters
    ի փոքունi pʿokʿunin small things
    ի փոքուստ/փոքրուստi pʿokʿust/pʿokʿrustin infancy, yet young
    փոքր փոքր, առ փոքր փոքր, ըստ փոքու փոքու, առ ի փոքր փոքրpʿokʿr pʿokʿr, aṙ pʿokʿr pʿokʿr, əst pʿokʿu pʿokʿu, aṙ i pʿokʿr pʿokʿrby little and little, little by little, by degrees, insensibly
    փոքր մի յառաջpʿokʿr mi yaṙaǰshortly before
    փոքր մի եւս՝ եւ, փոքր միւս եւս, փոքր ինչ՝ եւpʿokʿr mi ews, ew, pʿokʿr miws ews, pʿokʿr inčʿ, ewlittle was wanting, there was little wanting to, almost, nearly
    փոքր միւս եւս եւ անկանէիpʿokʿr miws ews ew ankanēiI was very near falling in
    փոքր մի եւս սասանեալ էին ոտք իմpʿokʿr mi ews sasaneal ēin otkʿ immy feet were near sliding
    փոքր ինչ համարել, վարկանիլ, փոքր իմն թուիլ յաչսpʿokʿr inčʿ hamarel, varkanil, pʿokʿr imn tʿuil yačʿsto hold as trifles, to consider as insignificant
    ի փոքունս յարեալ հայիլi pʿokʿuns yareal hayilto stand upon trifles, to lay much stress upon things of no importance

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “փոքր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 530ab
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “փոքր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 389
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 33
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 165
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “փոքր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Solta, G. R. (1960) Die Stellung des Armenischen im Kreise der indogermanischen Sprachen (Studien zur armenischen Geschichte; 9) (in German), Vienna: Mechitharisten, pages 361–362