grandis

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See also: Grandis

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

grandis

  1. inflection of grandir:
    1. first/second-person singular present indicative
    2. first/second-person singular past historic
    3. second-person singular imperative

Participle[edit]

grandis m pl

  1. masculine plural of grandi

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *grandis, of unclear origin.

Traditionally derived from Proto-Indo-European *gʰer- (to rub, to grind), and connected to Proto-Germanic *grautaz (big in size, coarse, coarse grained) (whence English great). A different etymology, favored by Pokorny, derives the word from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰrendʰ- (to swell), and connects the word to Ancient Greek βρένθος (brénthos, arrogance) and Proto-Slavic *grǫ̑dь (breast).

However, De Vaan rejects the latter (and doesn't mention the former) due to phonetic difficulties and the wide semantic gap between "breast-pride" and "breast-large", and prefers to regard the word as, along with Basque handi (big), borrowed from an earlier Vasconian substrate.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

grandis (neuter grande, comparative grandior, superlative grandissimus, adverb grandē or granditer); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. full-grown, grown up
  2. large, great, grand, lofty, big
    Synonym: magnus
    Antonym: parvus
  3. powerful
  4. aged, old

Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective, with locative.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative grandis grande grandēs grandia
Genitive grandis grandium
Dative grandī grandibus
Accusative grandem grande grandēs
grandīs
grandia
Ablative grandī grandibus
Vocative grandis grande grandēs grandia
Locative grandī grandibus

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • grandis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • grandis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • grandis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • aged: grandis natu
    • much money: pecunia magna, grandis (multum pecuniae)
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 485
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 270