From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Grandis





  1. inflection of grandir:
    1. first/second-person singular present indicative
    2. first/second-person singular past historic
    3. second-person singular imperative


grandis m pl

  1. masculine plural of grandi



From Proto-Italic *grandis, of unclear origin.

Traditionally derived from Proto-Indo-European *gʰer- (to rub, to grind), and connected to Proto-Germanic *grautaz (big in size, coarse, coarse grained) (whence English great). A different etymology, favored by Pokorny, derives the word from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰrendʰ- (to swell), and connects the word to Ancient Greek βρένθος (brénthos, arrogance) and Proto-Slavic *grǫ̑dь (breast).

However, De Vaan rejects the latter (and doesn't mention the former) due to phonetic difficulties and the wide semantic gap between "breast-pride" and "breast-large", and prefers to regard the word as, along with Basque handi (big), borrowed from an earlier Vasconian substrate.



grandis (neuter grande, comparative grandior, superlative grandissimus, adverb grandē or granditer); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. full-grown, grown up
  2. large, great, grand, lofty, big
    Synonym: magnus
    Antonym: parvus
  3. powerful
  4. aged, old


Third-declension two-termination adjective, with locative.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative grandis grande grandēs grandia
Genitive grandis grandium
Dative grandī grandibus
Accusative grandem grande grandēs
Ablative grandī grandibus
Vocative grandis grande grandēs grandia
Locative grandī grandibus

Derived terms[edit]



  • grandis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • grandis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • grandis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • aged: grandis natu
    • much money: pecunia magna, grandis (multum pecuniae)
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 485
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 270