πρό

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*per-

From Proto-Indo-European *pro, *pro- (see *per-). Cognates include Latin pro, Sanskrit प्र ‎(prá), Proto-Celtic *ɸro and Proto-Germanic *fram (English from). May be related to πρός ‎(prós, towards).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Preposition[edit]

πρό ‎(pró)

  1. (with genitive) before
    1. (of place) before, in front of
      1. (with verbs of motion)
      2. before, in front of, for the purpose of shielding or guarding
      3. further on, forward, onward
    2. (of time) before
      1. (in later writers, with numerals)
    3. (in other relations)
      1. (of preference) before, sooner, rather than
      2. (of cause or motive) for, out of, from

Usage notes[edit]

Words may be put between πρό and its case, but πρό does not come after its case.

Adverb[edit]

πρό ‎(pró)

  1. (of place) before, in front, forth, forward
  2. (of time) before, beforehand

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • πρό in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «πρό» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «πρό» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «πρό» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «πρό» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.