գարշապար

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian գարշապար (garšapar); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գարշապար (garšapar)

  1. (archaic) heel
    աքիլեսյան գարշապարakʿilesyan garšaparAchilles' heel

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The *պար (*par) part is from Parthian pʾd (pāδ, foot). For *գարշ- (*garš-) Perikhanian suggests derivation from Middle Iranian hypothetical *garš- (hard touch, friction, rubbing; hardness, resistance), which may be related to Sanskrit घर्ष (gharṣa, rubbing) and perhaps Old Armenian գարշ (garš). The compound can be interpreted as “the hard part of the foot” or “the part of the foot used for treading the earth”.

Noun[edit]

գարշապար (garšapar)

  1. heel
  2. footstep

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գարշապար”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գարշապար”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “գարշապար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Perixanjan, Anait (1993) Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskovo jazyka. Častʹ I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 42
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1995), “Hay-iranakan lezvakan zugadipumner [Armenian–Iranian Lingual Parallels]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal][1] (in Armenian), issue 2, pages 183–186
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 200