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See also:
U+5751, 坑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5751

[U+5750]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5752]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
坑 - U+05751- KanjiVG stroke order.svg

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 32, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土卜竹弓 (GYHN), four-corner 40117, composition)

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 226, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4932
  • Dae Jaweon: page 460, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 426, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5751

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
ancient

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Qin slip script Small seal script
坑-slip.svg 坑-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: kēngr - "pit; hollow".
Note:
  • kheng - literary;
  • khiⁿ/kheⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰəŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kʰəŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kʰəŋ²¹/
    Jinan /kʰəŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /kʰəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kʰəŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kʰəŋ²¹/
    Xining /kʰə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kʰəŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kʰə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /kʰɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kʰən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /kʰen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /kʰə⁴⁴̃/
    Nanjing /kʰən³¹/
    Hefei /kʰən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /kʰəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /kʰə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰɑ̃⁵³/
    Suzhou /kʰã⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /kʰen³³/
    Wenzhou /kʰiɛ³³/
    Hui Shexian /kʰʌ̃³¹/
    /kʰɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /kʰɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰən³³/
    Xiangtan /kʰən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰɑŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /haŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /hɑŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /haŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /haŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /haŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /kʰĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰaŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰẽ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xaŋ³⁵/
    /xaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰˠæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰᵚaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰaɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kēng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    hang1
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7399
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰraːŋ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pit; hole (Classifier: m c)
        ―  kēng  ―  mud pit
      隕石 / 陨石  ―  yǔnshí kēng  ―  meteorite crater
    2. tunnel
      /   ―  kuàngkēng  ―  mining pit; mine shaft
    3. (dialectal, including Cantonese) ditch; trench (Classifier: c)
    4. (dialectal, including Hakka, Hokkien) valley; gulley
    5. (figuratively) trap
    6. (by extension, neologism, Internet slang) a fandom; a media franchise
        ―  kēng  ―  to get into a fandom
    7. to bury alive
      焚書 / 焚书  ―  fénshūkēng  ―  to burn books and bury Confucian scholars alive
    8. to entrap; to cheat

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (こう) (

    1. pit, usually of a mine

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kʰˠæŋ).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 구덩이 (gudeong'i gaeng))

    1. Hanja form? of (pit).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: khanh, khâng, khuâng
    : Nôm readings: khanh, ganh

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.