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U+6F6D, 潭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6F6D

[U+6F6C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6F6E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 水一田十 (EMWJ), four-corner 31146, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 650, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18271
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1060, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1738, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6F6D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
潭-bronze.svg 潭-bigseal.svg 潭-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*luː, *lɯm
*l̥ʰɯːm, *l'ɯːms, *lɯm, *ʔl'aːnʔ
*l̥ʰɯːms
*l'ɯːm, *lɯmʔ
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːm
*l'ɯːm, *ljɯm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːm
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːm, *zlom, *ljum
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ, *l'ɯːms
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ, *l'ɯːms
*l'ɯːms, *hljɯmʔ
*zlɯmʔ
*ljɯm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'ɯːm, *lɯmʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *l'ɯːm).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/dəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəm/
Li
Rong
/dᴀm/
Wang
Li
/dɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dom ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˤ[ə]m/
English deep, pond

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12318
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. () Liu River
  2. deep pool; lake
  3. (dialectal) pit
  4. deep; profound
  5. () Tan Prefecture
  6. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/jimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/jemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jimX/
Li
Rong
/iəmX/
Wang
Li
/jĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 潭濼潭泺.

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. waterside

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. sound of hitting water

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dam) (hangeul , revised dam, McCune-Reischauer tam, Yale tam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đằm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.