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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 水一田十 (EMWJ), four-corner 31146, composition)

  1. deep pool, lake
  2. deep, profound

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 650, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18271
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1060, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1738, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6F6D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰan³⁵/
Harbin /tʰan²⁴/
Tianjin /tʰan⁴⁵/
Jinan /tʰã⁴²/
Qingdao /tʰã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰan⁴²/
Xi'an /tʰã²⁴/
Xining /tʰã²⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰan⁵³/
Lanzhou /tʰɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /tʰan⁵¹/
Wuhan /tʰan²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰan³¹/
Guiyang /tʰan²¹/
Kunming /tʰʰã̠³¹/
Nanjing /tʰaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /tʰæ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /tʰɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /de²³/
Suzhou /dø¹³/
Hangzhou /dẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /dø³¹/
Hui Shexian /tʰɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /tuːə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /tan¹³/
Xiangtan /dan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /tʰan²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /tʰam¹¹/
Taoyuan /tɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰam²¹/
Nanning /tʰam²¹/
Hong Kong /tʰam²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰam³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰaiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ham³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (7) (36)
Final () (159) (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dʌm/ /jiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/dəm/ /jimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɒm/ /jemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəm/ /jimX/
Li
Rong
/dᴀm/ /iəmX/
Wang
Li
/dɒm/ /jĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱăm/ /i̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tán yǐn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dom ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˤ[ə]m/
English deep, pond

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12318 12346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯːm/ /*lɯmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dam) (hangeul , revised dam, McCune-Reischauer tam, Yale tam)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đằm)

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