Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+9414, 鐔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9414

[U+9413]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9415]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +12, 20 strokes, cangjie input 金一田十 (CMWJ), four-corner 81146)

  1. dagger
  2. small sword

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1322, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1822, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4255, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9414

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
鐔-bigseal.svg 鐔-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*luː, *lɯm
*l̥ʰɯːm, *l'ɯːms, *lɯm, *ʔl'aːnʔ
*l̥ʰɯːms
*l'ɯːm, *lɯmʔ
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːm
*l'ɯːm, *ljɯm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːm
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːm, *zlom, *ljum
*l'ɯːm, *l'ɯːmʔ, *l'ɯːms
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ, *l'ɯːms
*l'ɯːms, *hljɯmʔ
*zlɯmʔ
*ljɯm, *lɯm
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːmʔ
*l'ɯːms

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (17) (36) (7)
Final () (139) (139) (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ziɪm/ /jiɪm/ /dʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/zim/ /jim/ /dəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/zjem/ /jem/ /dɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zim/ /jim/ /dəm/
Li
Rong
/ziəm/ /iəm/ /dᴀm/
Wang
Li
/zĭĕm/ /jĭĕm/ /dɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯əm/ /i̯əm/ /dʱăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xín yín tán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 12321 12337 12344
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯːm/ /*ljɯm/ /*lɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つみは, romaji tsumiha)

  1. the guard at the end of the grip of a sword
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 5, page 45:
      鐔 唐韻云、鐔、音尋、一音潭、都美波 [...] 今俗急呼都婆 劔鼻也

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with tsumiha. Medial /-h-/, originally realized as *[p], voices to [b] due to the preceding /m/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つみば, romaji tsumiba)

  1. the guard at the end of the grip of a sword

Etymology 3[edit]

/tumiha/ → /tumba/ → /tuba/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つば, romaji tsuba)

  1. the guard at the end of the grip of a sword
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 5, page 45:
      鐔 唐韻云、鐔、音尋、一音潭、都美波 [...] 今俗急呼都婆 劔鼻也
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 620)
      Tçuba. ツバ (鍔・鐔) 刀 (Catana)の鍔, すなわち, 刀の柄(つか)に密着している, 銅やその他の金属製の円いある種の輪.

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Readings[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune-Reischauer sim, Yale sim)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.