fig

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See also: fig. and Fig

English[edit]

A fig (the fruit).
A fig (the fruit) in cross-section.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɪɡ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English fige, fygge (also fyke, from Old English fīc, see fike), borrowed from Anglo-Norman figue, borrowed from Old French figue, from Old Occitan figa, from Vulgar Latin *fīca (fig), from Latin fīcus (fig tree), from a pre-Indo European language, perhaps Phoenician 𐤐𐤂(pagh, literally ripe fig) (compare Biblical Hebrew פַּגָּה(paggâ, early fallen fig), Classical Syriac ܦܓܐ(paggāʾ), dialectal Arabic فَجّ(fajj), فِجّ(fijj))[1]. (Another Semitic root (compare Akkadian 𒈠 (tīʾu, literally fig)) was borrowed into Ancient Greek as σῦκον (sûkon) (Boeotian τῦκον (tûkon)) and Armenian as թուզ (tʿuz); whence English sycophant.) The soap-making sense derives from the resemblance of the granulations in and texture of the soap to those of a fig.

Noun[edit]

fig (plural figs)

  1. A fruit-bearing tree or shrub of the genus Ficus that is native mainly to the tropics.
    • 1611, King James Version, Genesis 3:7:
      And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
  2. The fruit of the fig tree, pear-shaped and containing many small seeds.
  3. A small piece of tobacco.
  4. The value of a fig, practically nothing; a fico; a whit.
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 2, Act II, sc. 3:
      I'll pledge you all; and a fig for Peter!
    • 1848, William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair, Chapter 6:
      About Rebecca and Jos he did not care a fig.
    • 2004, David Mitchell, Cloud Atlas
      J. senses the entente between Eva and me and doesn't like it one fig.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (obsolete) To insult with a fico, or contemptuous motion.
    • Shakespeare
      When Pistol lies, do this, and fig me like / The bragging Spaniard.
  2. (obsolete) To put into the head of, as something useless or contemptible.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of L'Estrange to this entry?)
  3. (soap-making, dated) To develop, or cause (a soap) to develop, white streaks or granulations. [mid-1800s to mid-1900s]
    • 1893, Henry Gathmann, American Soaps, page 204:
      For filling figged soaps silicate of potash is best adapted, as soda prevents in a measure the proper crystallization. [...] Artificially figged soap [...makes] a very close imitation of the naturally figged soap.
    • 1897, The National Provisioner, page 27:
      Figging is usually considered to indicate a good quality of soft soap, but such is really not the case. A first-class soft soap can be made which will not fig, while, on the other hand, a poor soap can be produced which will fig.
    • 1938, Harry Bennett, The Standard Book of Formulas:
      In the cold soaps, the water soluble color is added in liquid form after saponification has started. In figged soaps, the color is crutched in after saponification is completed.

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Variation of fike.

Verb[edit]

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (intransitive) To move suddenly or quickly; rove about.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

fig (plural figs)

  1. Abbreviation of figure. (diagram or illustration)
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

See figging.

Verb[edit]

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (rare) To insert a ginger root into the anus, vagina or urethra of: to perform figging upon.
    • 1874, The Slang Dictionary: Etymological, Historical, and Anecdotal, page 176:
      Ginger, a showy, fast horse — as if he had been figged with ginger under his tail; a red-haired man.
    • 1901, Natal Agriculture Journal, page 744:
      He must be "figged." Figging consists in pushing a piece of crushed ginger into the return of the wretched creature — a practice which is now illegal, and of which information should be given to the R.S.P.C.A. whenever detected.
    • 2015, Becky Lower, The Cotillion Ball Saga, Simon and Schuster (→ISBN):
      “Is something amiss with the horse, Parr?” His gaze left the horse for a second as he glanced at Grace. “Yes, the horse has been figged. Now I just need to figure out who the culprit is.”

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andreas Franz and Wilhelm Schimper, Plant Geography Upon a Physiological Basis, volume 2 (Berlin: Gebrüder Borntraeger, 1902), page 100

Anagrams[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

fig (plural figs)

  1. fig

Declension[edit]