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From per- (through) +‎ sequor (follow).



persequor (present infinitive persequī, perfect active persecūtus sum); third conjugation, deponent

  1. I follow perseveringly, continue to follow; search through; pursue.
  2. I seek to obtain, strive after, seek out.
  3. I follow the teaching or example of someone, imitate.
  4. I follow up with action, execute, bring about, do, accomplish.
  5. (in a hostile manner) I pursue, chase, hunt; avenge, take vengeance upon someone or something; prosecute.
  6. (in writing) I follow, take down, minute down, keep pace with, record.
  7. (in speech or writing) I relate, recount, describe, explain.
    • c. 4 BCE – 65 CE, Seneca the Younger, De brevitate vitae 13:
      Persequi singulos longum est quorum aut latrunculi aut pila aut excoquendi in sole corporis cura consumpsere uitam.
      It would be tedious to mention all the different men who have spent the whole of their life over chess or ball or the practice of baking their bodies in the sun.
  8. (intransitive) I follow or come after.


   Conjugation of persequor (third conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present persequor persequeris, persequere persequitur persequimur persequiminī persequuntur
imperfect persequēbar persequēbāris, persequēbāre persequēbātur persequēbāmur persequēbāminī persequēbantur
future persequar persequēris, persequēre persequētur persequēmur persequēminī persequentur
perfect persecūtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect persecūtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect persecūtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present persequar persequāris, persequāre persequātur persequāmur persequāminī persequantur
imperfect persequerer persequerēris, persequerēre persequerētur persequerēmur persequerēminī persequerentur
perfect persecūtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect persecūtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present persequere persequiminī
future persequitor persequitor persequuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives persequī persecūtum esse persecūtūrum esse
participles persequēns persecūtus persecūtūrus persequendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
persequendī persequendō persequendum persequendō persecūtum persecūtū


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Catalan: perseguir
  • English: persecute
  • French: persécuter
  • Galician: perseguir


  • persequor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • persequor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • persequor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to continue one's journey, pursue one's course: viam persequi (also metaphorically)
    • to follow in any one's steps: vestigia alicuius sequi, persequi or vestigiis aliquem sequi, persequi
    • to execute a commission: mandatum exsequi, persequi, conficere
    • to sing the praises of some one (not canere aliquem: alicuius laudes versibus persequi
    • to give a full, detailed account of a thing: pluribus verbis, copiosius explicare, persequi aliquid
    • to treat in writing: litteris persequi (vid. sect. VIII. 2, note persequi...) aliquid
    • to avenge an insult: iniurias persequi (Verr. 2. 3. 9)
    • to assert one's right: ius suum persequi
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenas alicuius persequi
    • to harass with war: bello persequi aliquem, lacessere
    • to follow up and harass the enemy when in flight: hostes (fusos) persequi