akka

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See also: -akka, Akka, and -äkkä

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *akka. Northern Sami áhkku is possibly an old loan from Finnish, explaining the irregular correspondence of -a- to -á-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑkːɑ/, [ˈɑ̝kːɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑkːɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ak‧ka

Noun[edit]

akka

  1. hag, crone (old woman)
  2. (derogatory) woman; wife; hag, witch
  3. (informal, chess, card games) queen, bitch
    hertta-akkaqueen of hearts

Declension[edit]

Inflection of akka (Kotus type 9*A/kala, kk-k gradation)
nominative akka akat
genitive akan akkojen
partitive akkaa akkoja
illative akkaan akkoihin
singular plural
nominative akka akat
accusative nom. akka akat
gen. akan
genitive akan akkojen
akkainrare
partitive akkaa akkoja
inessive akassa akoissa
elative akasta akoista
illative akkaan akkoihin
adessive akalla akoilla
ablative akalta akoilta
allative akalle akoille
essive akkana akkoina
translative akaksi akoiksi
abessive akatta akoitta
instructive akoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of akka (Kotus type 9*A/kala, kk-k gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative akkani akkani
accusative nom. akkani akkani
gen. akkani
genitive akkani akkojeni
akkainirare
partitive akkaani akkojani
inessive akassani akoissani
elative akastani akoistani
illative akkaani akkoihini
adessive akallani akoillani
ablative akaltani akoiltani
allative akalleni akoilleni
essive akkanani akkoinani
translative akakseni akoikseni
abessive akattani akoittani
instructive
comitative akkoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative akkasi akkasi
accusative nom. akkasi akkasi
gen. akkasi
genitive akkasi akkojesi
akkaisirare
partitive akkaasi akkojasi
inessive akassasi akoissasi
elative akastasi akoistasi
illative akkaasi akkoihisi
adessive akallasi akoillasi
ablative akaltasi akoiltasi
allative akallesi akoillesi
essive akkanasi akkoinasi
translative akaksesi akoiksesi
abessive akattasi akoittasi
instructive
comitative akkoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative akkamme akkamme
accusative nom. akkamme akkamme
gen. akkamme
genitive akkamme akkojemme
akkaimmerare
partitive akkaamme akkojamme
inessive akassamme akoissamme
elative akastamme akoistamme
illative akkaamme akkoihimme
adessive akallamme akoillamme
ablative akaltamme akoiltamme
allative akallemme akoillemme
essive akkanamme akkoinamme
translative akaksemme akoiksemme
abessive akattamme akoittamme
instructive
comitative akkoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative akkanne akkanne
accusative nom. akkanne akkanne
gen. akkanne
genitive akkanne akkojenne
akkainnerare
partitive akkaanne akkojanne
inessive akassanne akoissanne
elative akastanne akoistanne
illative akkaanne akkoihinne
adessive akallanne akoillanne
ablative akaltanne akoiltanne
allative akallenne akoillenne
essive akkananne akkoinanne
translative akaksenne akoiksenne
abessive akattanne akoittanne
instructive
comitative akkoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative akkansa akkansa
accusative nom. akkansa akkansa
gen. akkansa
genitive akkansa akkojensa
akkainsarare
partitive akkaansa akkojaan
akkojansa
inessive akassaan
akassansa
akoissaan
akoissansa
elative akastaan
akastansa
akoistaan
akoistansa
illative akkaansa akkoihinsa
adessive akallaan
akallansa
akoillaan
akoillansa
ablative akaltaan
akaltansa
akoiltaan
akoiltansa
allative akalleen
akallensa
akoilleen
akoillensa
essive akkanaan
akkanansa
akkoinaan
akkoinansa
translative akakseen
akaksensa
akoikseen
akoiksensa
abessive akattaan
akattansa
akoittaan
akoittansa
instructive
comitative akkoineen
akkoinensa

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *akka. Cognates include Finnish akka and Veps ak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

akka

  1. old woman
    • 1937, N. A. Iljin, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (kolmas osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 47:
      On peeni ja niin vohma veel,
      Ni anteeks antaa voip,
      A akalle, miks jurma on,
      Saap antaa pleettiä!"
      He is young and such a fool,
      That he can forgive,
      But the old woman, how brave she is,
      He's able to give the whip!"
  2. Synonym of akko (shingle holder)

Declension[edit]

Declension of akka (type 3/kana, kk-k gradation)
singular plural
nominative akka akat
genitive akan akkoin
partitive akkaa akkoja
illative akkaa akkoi
inessive akas akois
elative akast akoist
allative akalle akoille
adessive akal akoil
ablative akalt akoilt
translative akaks akoiks
essive akkanna, akkaan akkoinna, akkoin
exessive1) akkant akkoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 9

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

akka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あっか

Karelian[edit]

Regional variants of akka
North Karelian
(Viena)
akka
South Karelian
(Tver)
akka

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *akka. Cognates include Finnish akka.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑkːɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ak‧ka

Noun[edit]

akka (genitive akan, partitive akkua)

  1. wife
  2. old woman; hag

Declension[edit]

Viena Karelian declension of akka (type 4/kala, kk-k gradation)
singular plural
nominative akka akat
genitive akan akkojen
partitive akkua akkoja
illative akkah akkoih
inessive akašša akoissa
elative akašta akoista
adessive akalla akoilla
ablative akalta akoilta
translative akakši akoiksi
essive akkana akkoina
comitative akoineh
abessive akatta akoitta
Tver Karelian declension of akka (type 4/kala kk-k gradation)
singular plural
nominative akka akat
genitive akan akoin
partitive akkua akkoida
illative akkah akkoih
inessive akašša akoissa
elative akašta akoista
adessive akalla akoilla
ablative akalda akoilda
translative akakši akoiksi
essive akkana akkoina
comitative akanke akoinke
abessive akatta akoitta
Possessive forms of akka
1st person akkani
2nd person akkaš
3rd person akkah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (old woman): (dialectal, derogatory) ämmä

References[edit]

  • A. V. Punzhina (1994), “akka”, in Словарь карельского языка (тверские говоры) [Dictionary of the Karelian language (Tver dialects)], →ISBN
  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015) Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (noun): IPA(key): /ˈɑk.kɑ/
  • (verb): IPA(key): /²ɑk.kɑ/

Noun[edit]

akka n

  1. definite plural of akk

Verb[edit]

akka (present tense akkar, past tense akka, past participle akka, passive infinitive akkast, present participle akkande, imperative akka/akk)

  1. alternative form of akke

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

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  • Hyphenation: akk‧a

Noun[edit]

akka f (genitive ǫkku, plural ǫkkur)

  1. arrow

Declension[edit]

Ye'kwana[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

akka

  1. (transitive) to make (a curiara, a kind of wooden canoe)

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “akka”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon