cogo

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See also: cógo

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From co- +‎ agō (lead, drive, impel, push).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

cōgō (present infinitive cōgere, perfect active coēgī, supine coāctum); third conjugation

  1. I collect, assemble, gather together, restrict or confine
    • Thomas of Celano, Dies Irae:
      Tuba mirum spargens sonum, per sepulchra regionum, coget omnes ante Thronum.
      The trumpet, scattering its awesome sound across the sepulchres of the lands, shall assemble all people before the Throne.
  2. I force, compel, urge, encourage, finagle.
    • Saint Jerome, Preface to the Vulgata:
      Novum opus facere me cogis ex veteri, ut post exemplaria scripturarum toto orbe dispersa quasi quidam arbiter sedeam (...).
      You order me to make a new work out of the old one, so that after the copies of the Scriptures dispersed across the globe I preside as some kind of arbitrator (...).

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of cōgō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōgō cōgis cōgit cōgimus cōgitis cōgunt
imperfect cōgēbam cōgēbās cōgēbat cōgēbāmus cōgēbātis cōgēbant
future cōgam cōgēs cōget cōgēmus cōgētis cōgent
perfect coēgī coēgistī coēgit coēgimus coēgistis coēgērunt, coēgēre
pluperfect coēgeram coēgerās coēgerat coēgerāmus coēgerātis coēgerant
future perfect coēgerō coēgeris coēgerit coēgerimus coēgeritis coēgerint
passive present cōgor cōgeris, cōgere cōgitur cōgimur cōgiminī cōguntur
imperfect cōgēbar cōgēbāris, cōgēbāre cōgēbātur cōgēbāmur cōgēbāminī cōgēbantur
future cōgar cōgēris, cōgēre cōgētur cōgēmur cōgēminī cōgentur
perfect coāctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect coāctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect coāctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōgam cōgās cōgat cōgāmus cōgātis cōgant
imperfect cōgerem cōgerēs cōgeret cōgerēmus cōgerētis cōgerent
perfect coēgerim coēgerīs coēgerit coēgerīmus coēgerītis coēgerint
pluperfect coēgissem coēgissēs coēgisset coēgissēmus coēgissētis coēgissent
passive present cōgar cōgāris, cōgāre cōgātur cōgāmur cōgāminī cōgantur
imperfect cōgerer cōgerēris, cōgerēre cōgerētur cōgerēmur cōgerēminī cōgerentur
perfect coāctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect coāctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōge cōgite
future cōgitō cōgitō cōgitōte cōguntō
passive present cōgere cōgiminī
future cōgitor cōgitor cōguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cōgere coēgisse coāctūrum esse cōgī coāctum esse coāctum īrī
participles cōgēns coāctūrus coāctus cōgendus, cōgundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cōgendī cōgendō cōgendum cōgendō coāctum coāctū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]
  • Old French: cogier
    • French: coger (dialectal, Normandy, Burgundy)
    • Norman: cogier
  • Portuguese: coagir

References[edit]

  • cogo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cogo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cogo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • cogo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to draw a conclusion from a thing: concludere, colligere, efficere, cogere ex aliqua re
    • to extort money from the communities: pecuniam cogere a civitatibus
    • to assemble the senate: senatum cogere (Liv. 3. 39)
    • to levy recruits to fill up the strength: supplementum cogere, scribere, legere
    • to concentrate all the troops at one point: cogere omnes copias in unum locum
    • to bring up the rear: agmen claudere, cogere
    • to reduce a country to subjection to oneself: populum in deditionem venire cogere

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

cogo

  1. genitive of co