turbo

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See also: Turbo, turbó, turbò, and turbo-

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From turbine.

Noun[edit]

turbo (countable and uncountable, plural turbos)

  1. (informal) a turbine
  2. Clipping of turbocharger.
    • 2008 February 17, Don Sherman, “More Power? Add Pressure”, in New York Times[1]:
      Superchargers are generally heavier and more expensive than turbos []
  3. Clipping of turbojet.
  4. Clipping of turbomolecular pump.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From turbocharged (increased power). From the action of a turbocharger, which increases the speed of an automobile through the increase in power of an engine.

Noun[edit]

turbo (plural turbos)

  1. (video games) Autofire. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Adjective[edit]

turbo (not comparable)

  1. (said of a poker tournament) With rapidly-increasing blind levels.
    This is a turbo tournament: the blinds increase every 5 minutes! Level 1 = 150/300; level 2 = 200/400; etc.
  2. (computing, video games) Causing or relating to increased speed.
    a turbo button on a controller; a PC equipped with a turbo mode
  3. (informal, nonstandard) Very, super, etc.; usually relating to a qualitative value (as opposed to quantitative).
    They act turbo wasted when they have more than a few beers in them.

Verb[edit]

turbo (third-person singular simple present turbos, present participle turboing, simple past and past participle turboed)

  1. (video games) To autofire.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the New Latin name of the genus Turbo.

Noun[edit]

turbo (plural turbos)

  1. (malacology) A turban shell.

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin turbo

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

turbo n

  1. turbo

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • turbo in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • turbo in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from Latin "tornado"?”)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

turbo (accusative singular turbon, plural turboj, accusative plural turbojn)

  1. spinning top
    • 1916, L'Amerika Esperantisto, page 53.
      [] dum sur la pupitro antaŭ li estis videblaj diversaj kontrabandaj objektoj kaj malpermesitaj bataliloj, trovitaj ĉe maldiligentaj buboj; ekzemple duon-manĝitaj pomoj, blovpafiloj, turboj, muŝkaptiloj kaj tutaj legioj da batalpretaj vetkoketoi[sic] el papero.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1923, British Esperantist, page 9.
      Kelkaj knaboj ŝatas multe
      Brikojn, turbojn, kaj pafilojn.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English turbo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈturbo/, [ˈt̪urbo̞]
  • Rhymes: -urbo
  • Syllabification(key): tur‧bo

Noun[edit]

turbo

  1. turbo

Declension[edit]

Inflection of turbo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative turbo turbot
genitive turbon turbojen
partitive turboa turboja
illative turboon turboihin
singular plural
nominative turbo turbot
accusative nom. turbo turbot
gen. turbon
genitive turbon turbojen
partitive turboa turboja
inessive turbossa turboissa
elative turbosta turboista
illative turboon turboihin
adessive turbolla turboilla
ablative turbolta turboilta
allative turbolle turboille
essive turbona turboina
translative turboksi turboiksi
instructive turboin
abessive turbotta turboitta
comitative turboineen
Possessive forms of turbo (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person turboni turbomme
2nd person turbosi turbonne
3rd person turbonsa

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtur.bo/
  • Rhymes: -urbo
  • Hyphenation: tùr‧bo

Verb[edit]

turbo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of turbare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From turba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

turbō m (genitive turbinis); third declension

  1. tornado, whirlwind
    Synonyms: tempestās, procella
  2. spinning top, wheel
  3. spinning motion

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative turbō turbinēs
Genitive turbinis turbinum
Dative turbinī turbinibus
Accusative turbinem turbinēs
Ablative turbine turbinibus
Vocative turbō turbinēs

Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

turbō (present infinitive turbāre, perfect active turbāvī, supine turbātum); first conjugation

  1. I disturb, unsettle, agitate
    Synonyms: perturbō, sollicitō, agitō, angō, concitō, disturbō, īnfestō, percieō, concieō, cieō, irrītō, stimulō, ēvertō, peragō, occīdō, agō, moveō, versō, ūrō
    Antonym: cōnsōlor
  2. I upset

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of turbō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turbō turbās turbat turbāmus turbātis turbant
imperfect turbābam turbābās turbābat turbābāmus turbābātis turbābant
future turbābō turbābis turbābit turbābimus turbābitis turbābunt
perfect turbāvī turbāvistī turbāvit turbāvimus turbāvistis turbāvērunt,
turbāvēre
pluperfect turbāveram turbāverās turbāverat turbāverāmus turbāverātis turbāverant
future perfect turbāverō turbāveris turbāverit turbāverimus turbāveritis turbāverint
sigmatic future1 turbāssō turbāssis turbāssit turbāssimus turbāssitis turbāssint
passive present turbor turbāris,
turbāre
turbātur turbāmur turbāminī turbantur
imperfect turbābar turbābāris,
turbābāre
turbābātur turbābāmur turbābāminī turbābantur
future turbābor turbāberis,
turbābere
turbābitur turbābimur turbābiminī turbābuntur
perfect turbātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect turbātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect turbātus + future active indicative of sum
sigmatic future1 turbāssor turbāsseris turbāssitur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turbem turbēs turbet turbēmus turbētis turbent
imperfect turbārem turbārēs turbāret turbārēmus turbārētis turbārent
perfect turbāverim turbāverīs turbāverit turbāverīmus turbāverītis turbāverint
pluperfect turbāvissem turbāvissēs turbāvisset turbāvissēmus turbāvissētis turbāvissent
sigmatic aorist1 turbāssim turbāssīs turbāssīt turbāssīmus turbāssītis turbāssint
passive present turber turbēris,
turbēre
turbētur turbēmur turbēminī turbentur
imperfect turbārer turbārēris,
turbārēre
turbārētur turbārēmur turbārēminī turbārentur
perfect turbātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect turbātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turbā turbāte
future turbātō turbātō turbātōte turbantō
passive present turbāre turbāminī
future turbātor turbātor turbantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives turbāre turbāvisse turbātūrum esse turbārī turbātum esse turbātum īrī
participles turbāns turbātūrus turbātus turbandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
turbandī turbandō turbandum turbandō turbātum turbātū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to"). It is also attested as having a rare sigmatic future passive indicative form ("will have been").

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • turbo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • turbo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turbo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • turbo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • there is a storm at sea: mare ventorum vi agitatur et turbatur
    • to upset a person: alicuius mentem turbare, conturbare, perturbare
    • to cause universal disorder: omnia turbare ac miscere
    • to break the ranks: ordines turbare, perrumpere
    • to throw the rearguard into confusion: novissimos turbare
    • (ambiguous) a demagogue, agitator: plebis dux, vulgi turbator, civis turbulentus, civis rerum novarum cupidus
  • turbo”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turbo”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • turbo”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

turbo

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of turbar

Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

turbo (invariable) or turbo (feminine turba, masculine plural turbos, feminine plural turbas)

  1. turbo

Noun[edit]

turbo m (plural turbos)

  1. turbo

Verb[edit]

turbo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of turbar

Further reading[edit]