erus

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *ezos (master), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁esh₂ós (master). Cognate with Hittite 𒅖𒄩𒀀𒀸 (master).

A connexion with heres (heir) and hirudo (leech) has also been proposed by Charlton Lewis and Charles Short, making its stem instead from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁ro- (derelict). Cognates would include Ancient Greek χήρα (khḗra, widow), Sanskrit हरति (harati, to seize) and हरण (haraṇa, hand).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

erus m (genitive erī); second declension

  1. master of the house or family

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative erus erī
Genitive erī erōrum
Dative erō erīs
Accusative erum erōs
Ablative erō erīs
Vocative ere erī

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]