dominus (plural domini)
- master; sir; a title of respect formerly applied to a knight or clergyman, and sometimes to the lord of a manor or an academic master
- January 1848, The New Sporting Magazine, volume 15, page 23:
- The vesper bell had rung its parting note; the domini were mostly caged in comfortable quarters, discussing the merits of old port; and the merry student had closed his oak, to consecrate the night to friendship, sack, and claret.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “dominus” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
- conditional of domini
- from Proto-Italic *dom-o/u-nos (“of the house”); both u- and o-stems are found in other branches;
- from Proto-Italic *domanos, from Proto-Indo-European *domh₂nos (“subduing”), from *demh₂- (“to domesticate, tame”), whence also domō.
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈdo.mi.nus/, [ˈd̪ɔmɪnʊs̠]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈdo.mi.nus/, [ˈd̪ɔːminus]
Audio (Classical) (file)
- a master, possessor, ruler, lord, proprietor
- an owner of a residence; the master of its servants and slaves
- the master of a feast, the entertainer, host
- the master of a play or of public games, the employer of players or gladiators
- sir (greeting, in the vocative case)
- ⇒ Late Latin: domnus
- ⇒ Medieval Latin: dominō (from the dative, possibly from benedīcāmus Dominō)
- → Basque: done
- Catalan: don
- → Dutch: dominee (from the vocative)
- → English: domine, dominie, dominus, don
- Italian: domino
- Old French: dam
- Portuguese: Dom
- “dominus” on page 571 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
- De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “domus, dominus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 177-179
- “dominus”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) […] A New Latin Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- “dominus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- dominus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
- dŏmĭnus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 555
- Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- the manager: dominus gregis
- to examine slaves by torture: de servis quaerere (in dominum)
- the manager: dominus gregis
- “dominus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- “dominus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
- Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “dominus”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 353–4