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See also: Willan

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-. Cognate with Old Frisian willa, Old Saxon willian, Old Norse vilja, Gothic 𐍅𐌹𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽 (wiljan). The alternative Proto-Germanic form *waljaną gave Old High German wollen (German wollen).

The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Latin velle, Proto-Slavic *velěti, Lithuanian vélmi.


  • IPA(key): /ˈwil.lɑn/, [ˈwiɫ.ɫɑn]



  1. to want
    Hwæt wilt þū mā æt mē?
    What more do you want from me?
  2. to intend
    wolde þæt dōn!I meant to do that!
    Ne breġd þū nǣfre þīn sweord būtan þū his notian wille.
    Never draw your sword unless you intend to use it.
  3. to be willing
  4. used to express habitual behavior
  5. used to express futurity
    Hwæt lā wilt þū dōn, mē stician?
    What are you gonna do, stab me?
  6. to want or intend to go (to or from somewhere)



  • Middle English: willen, wil, wille, wilen, welin, wole, wolle
    • English: will
    • Scots: will, wil