willen

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See also: Willen

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch willen, from Old Dutch willen, from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-. The variant spelling wouden goes back to early Middle Dutch wolde(n), following the standard ol > ou transformation in Middle Dutch.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋɪl.ə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪlən

Verb[edit]

willen

  1. to want, to desire
  2. (in the past tense) to wish
    Ik wou dat ik dat kon.
    I wish I could (do) that.

Inflection[edit]

Wou/wouden is often used in the past tense, depending on the region, but mostly in informal language. In formal language, wilde/wilden is preferred by many, although wou/wouden is recognized as correct standard Dutch.

Inflection of willen (irregular)
infinitive willen
past singular wilde, wou
past participle gewild
infinitive willen
gerund willen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular wil wilde, wou
2nd person sing. (jij) wilt, wil wilde, wou
2nd person sing. (u) wilt, wil wilde, wou
2nd person sing. (gij) wilt wilde, woudt
3rd person singular wil wilde, wou
plural willen wilden, wouden
subjunctive sing.1 wille wilde, woude
subjunctive plur.1 willen wilden, wouden
imperative sing. wil
imperative plur.1 wilt
participles willend gewild
1) Archaic.

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: wil

References[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch willen, from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-.

Verb[edit]

willen

  1. to want, to desire
  2. (auxiliary) to want to
  3. to demand, to order

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English willan (to want, intend, be willing), from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną (to want).

Verb[edit]

willen (third-person singular simple present wille, present participle willinge, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle wolde)

  1. to want something, wish for something
  2. to be willing, consent, agree
  3. to intend to do something, plan something
  4. to mean, signify something
  5. to direct, give directions
  6. to require, demand, dictate
  7. to be pleased with, like
  8. (auxiliary) A modal verb with several meanings:
    1. Expresses purpose, intent: will
    2. Expresses willingness: will
    3. Expresses certainty: will
    4. Expresses habitual action: will
    5. Expresses ability, capability: will, can
    6. Expresses futurity: shall, will
    7. Expresses expectation, conjecture: will
    8. Expresses imminence, impendence: will, to be about to
    9. Expresses a suggestion, proposal: let's
    10. Expressing a modest, polite wish: would like
    11. Expresses hypotheticals: might
    12. Expresses possibility, probability: to be likely to, may
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse; cognate with Faroese, Icelandic villa (to stray, err).

Verb[edit]

willen (third-person singular simple present willeth, present participle willende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle willed)

  1. to go astray, wander, roam

References[edit]


Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *wiljaną.

Verb[edit]

willen

  1. to want, to desire
  2. (auxiliary) to want to
  3. to wish

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • willen”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012