devel

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See also: Devel

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

devel (plural devels)

  1. (Scotland) Alternative spelling of devvel

Verb[edit]

devel (third-person singular simple present devels, present participle develling, simple past and past participle develled)

  1. (Scotland) Alternative spelling of devvel

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English dēofol, dēoful, from earlier dīobul, from Proto-West Germanic *diubul, from Ancient Greek διάβολος (diábolos).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdeːvəl/, /ˈdɛvəl/, /deːl/

Noun[edit]

devel (plural develes or defles or develen)

  1. Satan, Lucifer (in Early ME, without the definite article)
    • a. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “The Summoner's Tale”, in The Canterbury Tales, lines 1693-1696:
      Right so as bees out swarmen from an hyve, / Out of the develes ers ther gonne dryve / Twenty thousand freres on a route / And thurghout helle swarmed al aboute...
      Just like bees swarm from a hive / Out of the devil's arse there were driven / Twenty thousand friars on a rout / And throughout hell they swarmed all about...
  2. A devil; an evil creature that resides in the Christian hell.
  3. A pagan or heretical god; a deity considered to be false or an idol.
  4. (figuratively) A malicious or sinful person; one who is evil.
  5. (rare) A fantastic beast or monstrous creature.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: devil (see there for further descendants)
  • Scots: deil, deel, deevil
  • Yola: deevil, deel

References[edit]


Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Two etymologies have been proposed:

  1. Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀤𑁂𑀯𑀉𑀮 (devaüla), from Sanskrit देवकुल (devakula).[1]
  2. Inherited from Sanskrit देवता (devatā).[2][3][4]

Noun[edit]

devel m (accusative devles, nominative plural devla, accusative plural devlen)

  1. god[1][3][5][6]
  2. sky[3][5]
  3. heaven[3][5]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Jules Bloch (1920), “devaḷ deuḷ”, in Dev Raj Chanana, transl., The Formation of the Marāṭhī Language, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishing House, published 2010, →ISBN, OCLC 951633176, retrieved September 1, 2021, page 351, →ISBN
  2. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “dēvátā”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 373
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “devèl”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 70b
  4. ^ Yaron Matras (2002), “Historical and linguistic origins”, in Romani: A Linguistic Introduction[1], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 39
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o dev/el¹, -les m. -la, -len = o de/l²³, -vles m. -vla, -vlen”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 124ab
  6. ^ Yūsuke Sumi (2018) ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, OCLC 1267332830, page 148a