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From Proto-Italic *tlokʷōr, from Proto-Indo-European *telkʷ-; see also Sanskrit तर्क (tarka, conjecture), Old Church Slavonic тлъкъ (tlŭkŭ, interpreter) and Old Irish do·tluchethar (to ask), ad·tluchedar (to thank).





loquor (present infinitive loquī or loquier, perfect active locūtus sum); third conjugation, deponent

  1. to say, speak, tell, talk, utter
    Synonyms: aio, effor, for, dīcō, inquam, alloquor, oro
    vīsne mēcum latīnē loquī?Do you want to speak Latin with me?
    rēs ipsa loquitur.The matter speaks for itself.
  2. to declare, speak, or state more formally as in a legal context or in defense of someone or something
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 4.337:
      “Prō rē pauca loquar. [...].”
      I shall state a few [facts] about the matter.”


   Conjugation of loquor (third conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present loquor loqueris,
loquitur loquimur loquiminī loquuntur
imperfect loquēbar loquēbāris,
loquēbātur loquēbāmur loquēbāminī loquēbantur
future loquar loquēris,
loquētur loquēmur loquēminī loquentur
perfect locūtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect locūtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect locūtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present loquar loquāris,
loquātur loquāmur loquāminī loquantur
imperfect loquerer loquerēris,
loquerētur loquerēmur loquerēminī loquerentur
perfect locūtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect locūtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present loquere loquiminī
future loquitor loquitor loquuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives loquī,
locūtum esse locūtūrum esse
participles loquēns locūtus locūtūrus loquendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
loquendī loquendō loquendum loquendō locūtum locūtū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested.

Derived terms



  • loquor”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • loquor”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • loquor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be unable to speak for emotion: prae lacrimis loqui non posse
    • the matter speaks for itself: res ipsa (pro me apud te) loquitur
    • to make contradictory, inconsistent statements: pugnantia loqui (Tusc. 1. 7. 13)
    • (1) to speak vehemently, passionately; (2) to speak pompously, boastfully: magnifice loqui, dicere
    • (1) to speak Latin, (2) to speak good Latin (also bene latine), (3) to express oneself clearly: latine loqui (Brut. 45. 166)
    • to speak the Greek language: graece or graeca lingua loqui
    • to think one thing, say another; to conceal one's opinions: aliter sentire ac loqui (aliud sentire, aliud loqui)
    • to speak personally to..: coram loqui (cum aliquo)
    • speak up, please: clarius loquere