तर्क

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit तर्क (tarka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

तर्क (tarkm

  1. an argument, reasoning
    Antonyms: वितर्क (vitark)
  2. logic
    उसके सोच में कोई तर्क है ही नहीं।
    uske soc mẽ koī tark hai hī nahīn.
    There is no logic in his thoughts.

Declension[edit]

Declension of तर्क
Singular Plural
Direct तर्क (tark) तर्क (tark)
Oblique तर्क (tark) तर्कों (tarkõ)
Vocative तर्क (tark) तर्को (tarko)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *telkʷ-. Cognate with Latin loquor (to speak, talk), Old Church Slavonic тлъкъ (tlŭkŭ, interpreter) and Old Irish do·tluchethar (to ask), ad·tluchedar (to thank).

Alternative, from Proto-Indo-European *terkʷ- (to turn). Cognate with Latin torqueō (to twist), Hittite 𒋻𒆪𒉿𒀭𒍣 (tarkuwanzi), Old Church Slavonic тракъ (trakŭ), Tocharian B tärk-, and possibly Ancient Greek τρέπω (trépō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

तर्क (tarkam

  1. conjecture
  2. reasoning, speculation, inquiry
  3. doubt
  4. system or doctrine founded on speculation or reasoning, philosophical system (especially the Nyāya system, but applicable also to any of the six Darśana)
  5. logic, confutation (especially that kind of argument which consists in reduction to absurdity)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of तर्क (tarka)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तर्कः
tarkaḥ
तर्कौ
tarkau
तर्काः / तर्कासः¹
tarkāḥ / tarkāsaḥ¹
Vocative तर्क
tarka
तर्कौ
tarkau
तर्काः / तर्कासः¹
tarkāḥ / tarkāsaḥ¹
Accusative तर्कम्
tarkam
तर्कौ
tarkau
तर्कान्
tarkān
Instrumental तर्केण
tarkeṇa
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkābhyām
तर्कैः / तर्केभिः¹
tarkaiḥ / tarkebhiḥ¹
Dative तर्काय
tarkāya
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkābhyām
तर्केभ्यः
tarkebhyaḥ
Ablative तर्कात्
tarkāt
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkābhyām
तर्केभ्यः
tarkebhyaḥ
Genitive तर्कस्य
tarkasya
तर्कयोः
tarkayoḥ
तर्काणाम्
tarkāṇām
Locative तर्के
tarke
तर्कयोः
tarkayoḥ
तर्केषु
tarkeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

तर्क (tarkan

  1. a philosophical system

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of तर्क (tarka)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तर्कम्
tarkam
तर्के
tarke
तर्काणि / तर्का¹
tarkāṇi / tarkā¹
Vocative तर्क
tarka
तर्के
tarke
तर्काणि / तर्का¹
tarkāṇi / tarkā¹
Accusative तर्कम्
tarkam
तर्के
tarke
तर्काणि / तर्का¹
tarkāṇi / tarkā¹
Instrumental तर्केण
tarkeṇa
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkābhyām
तर्कैः / तर्केभिः¹
tarkaiḥ / tarkebhiḥ¹
Dative तर्काय
tarkāya
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkābhyām
तर्केभ्यः
tarkebhyaḥ
Ablative तर्कात्
tarkāt
तर्काभ्याम्
tarkābhyām
तर्केभ्यः
tarkebhyaḥ
Genitive तर्कस्य
tarkasya
तर्कयोः
tarkayoḥ
तर्काणाम्
tarkāṇām
Locative तर्के
tarke
तर्कयोः
tarkayoḥ
तर्केषु
tarkeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0439
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992), “TARK”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 633