तर्क

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *telkʷ-. Cognate with Latin loquor (to speak, talk), Old Church Slavonic тлъкъ (tlŭkŭ, interpreter) and Old Irish do·tluchethar (to ask), ad·tluchedar (to thank).

Noun[edit]

तर्क (tarkam

  1. conjecture
  2. reasoning, speculation, inquiry
  3. doubt
  4. system or doctrine founded on speculation or reasoning, philosophical system (especially the Nyāya system, but applicable also to any of the six Darśana)
  5. the number 6
  6. logic, confutation (especially that kind of argument which consists in reduction to absurdity)
  7. wish, desire
  8. supplying an ellipsis
  9. cause, motive

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of तर्क
Nom. sg. तर्कः (tarkaḥ)
Gen. sg. तर्कस्य (tarkasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तर्कः (tarkaḥ) तर्कौ (tarkau) तर्काः (tarkāḥ)
Vocative तर्क (tarka) तर्कौ (tarkau) तर्काः (tarkāḥ)
Accusative तर्कम् (tarkam) तर्कौ (tarkau) तर्कान् (tarkān)
Instrumental तर्केण (tarkeṇa) तर्काभ्याम् (tarkābhyām) तर्कैः (tarkaiḥ)
Dative तर्काय (tarkāya) तर्काभ्याम् (tarkābhyām) तर्केभ्यः (tarkebhyaḥ)
Ablative तर्कात् (tarkāt) तर्काभ्याम् (tarkābhyām) तर्केभ्यः (tarkebhyaḥ)
Genitive तर्कस्य (tarkasya) तर्कयोः (tarkayoḥ) तर्काणाम् (tarkāṇām)
Locative तर्के (tarke) तर्कयोः (tarkayoḥ) तर्केषु (tarkeṣu)

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

तर्क (tarkan

  1. a philosophical system

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of तर्क
Nom. sg. तर्कम् (tarkam)
Gen. sg. तर्कस्य (tarkasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तर्कम् (tarkam) तर्के (tarke) तर्काणि (tarkāṇi)
Vocative तर्क (tarka) तर्के (tarke) तर्काणि (tarkāṇi)
Accusative तर्कम् (tarkam) तर्के (tarke) तर्काणि (tarkāṇi)
Instrumental तर्केण (tarkeṇa) तर्काभ्याम् (tarkābhyām) तर्कैः (tarkaiḥ)
Dative तर्का (tarkā) तर्काभ्याम् (tarkābhyām) तर्केभ्यः (tarkebhyaḥ)
Ablative तर्कात् (tarkāt) तर्काभ्याम् (tarkābhyām) तर्केभ्यः (tarkebhyaḥ)
Genitive तर्कस्य (tarkasya) तर्कयोः (tarkayoḥ) तर्काणाम् (tarkāṇām)
Locative तर्के (tarke) तर्कयोः (tarkayoḥ) तर्केषु (tarkeṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0439