तर्क

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Hindi[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit तर्क (tarka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

तर्क (tarkm

  1. an argument, reasoning
    Antonyms: वितर्क (vitark)
  2. logic
    उसके सोच में कोई तर्क है ही नहीं।
    uske soc mẽ koī tark hai hī nahīn.
    There is no logic in his thoughts.

Declension[edit]

Declension of तर्क
Singular Plural
Direct तर्क (tark) तर्क (tark)
Oblique तर्क (tark) तर्कों (tarkõ)
Vocative तर्क (tark) तर्को (tarko)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *telkʷ-. Cognate with Latin loquor (to speak, talk), Old Church Slavonic тлъкъ (tlŭkŭ, interpreter) and Old Irish do·tluchethar (to ask), ad·tluchedar (to thank).

Alternative, from Proto-Indo-European *terkʷ- (to turn). Cognate with Latin torqueō (to twist), Hittite 𒋻𒆪𒉿𒀭𒍣 (tarkuwanzi), Old Church Slavonic тракъ (trakŭ), Tocharian B tärk-, and possibly Ancient Greek τρέπω (trépō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /t̪ɐɽ.kɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈt̪ɐɽ.kɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    तर्क (tarkam

    1. conjecture
    2. reasoning, speculation, inquiry
    3. doubt
    4. system or doctrine founded on speculation or reasoning, philosophical system (especially the Nyāya system, but applicable also to any of the six Darśana)
    5. logic, confutation (especially that kind of argument which consists in reduction to absurdity)

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of तर्क (tarka)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative तर्कः
    tarkaḥ
    तर्कौ
    tarkau
    तर्काः / तर्कासः¹
    tarkāḥ / tarkāsaḥ¹
    Vocative तर्क
    tarka
    तर्कौ
    tarkau
    तर्काः / तर्कासः¹
    tarkāḥ / tarkāsaḥ¹
    Accusative तर्कम्
    tarkam
    तर्कौ
    tarkau
    तर्कान्
    tarkān
    Instrumental तर्केण
    tarkeṇa
    तर्काभ्याम्
    tarkābhyām
    तर्कैः / तर्केभिः¹
    tarkaiḥ / tarkebhiḥ¹
    Dative तर्काय
    tarkāya
    तर्काभ्याम्
    tarkābhyām
    तर्केभ्यः
    tarkebhyaḥ
    Ablative तर्कात्
    tarkāt
    तर्काभ्याम्
    tarkābhyām
    तर्केभ्यः
    tarkebhyaḥ
    Genitive तर्कस्य
    tarkasya
    तर्कयोः
    tarkayoḥ
    तर्काणाम्
    tarkāṇām
    Locative तर्के
    tarke
    तर्कयोः
    tarkayoḥ
    तर्केषु
    tarkeṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Related terms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    तर्क (tarkan

    1. a philosophical system

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter a-stem declension of तर्क (tarka)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative तर्कम्
    tarkam
    तर्के
    tarke
    तर्काणि / तर्का¹
    tarkāṇi / tarkā¹
    Vocative तर्क
    tarka
    तर्के
    tarke
    तर्काणि / तर्का¹
    tarkāṇi / tarkā¹
    Accusative तर्कम्
    tarkam
    तर्के
    tarke
    तर्काणि / तर्का¹
    tarkāṇi / tarkā¹
    Instrumental तर्केण
    tarkeṇa
    तर्काभ्याम्
    tarkābhyām
    तर्कैः / तर्केभिः¹
    tarkaiḥ / tarkebhiḥ¹
    Dative तर्काय
    tarkāya
    तर्काभ्याम्
    tarkābhyām
    तर्केभ्यः
    tarkebhyaḥ
    Ablative तर्कात्
    tarkāt
    तर्काभ्याम्
    tarkābhyām
    तर्केभ्यः
    tarkebhyaḥ
    Genitive तर्कस्य
    tarkasya
    तर्कयोः
    tarkayoḥ
    तर्काणाम्
    tarkāṇām
    Locative तर्के
    tarke
    तर्कयोः
    tarkayoḥ
    तर्केषु
    tarkeṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0439
    • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992), “TARK”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 633