N-

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of nitrogen.

Prefix[edit]

N-

  1. (organic chemistry) the functional group that carries this prefix is attached to a nitrogen atom on the parent molecular segment

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • N (nitrogen)

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Similar to processes found in a number of North Halmaheran languages.

Prefix[edit]

N-

  1. derives nouns from verbs
    N- + ‎ahu (to grow) → ‎gahu (a sprout)
    N- + ‎ciko (crooked) → ‎jiko (corner, elbow, bay)
    N- + ‎fesa (wet) → ‎besa (rain)
    N- + ‎hahe (to pull in) → ‎ngahe (high tide)
    N- + ‎kuraci (yellow) → ‎guraci (gold, turmeric)
    N- + ‎tolabane (to take passage (on a boat, etc.)) → ‎dolabane (shipload)
    N- + ‎waje (to say) → ‎ngajengaje (story) (with reduplication)
  2. increases the transitivity of a verb
    N- + ‎ari (to cry) → ‎gari (to mourn, to cry for)
    N- + ‎fahe (to leak) → ‎bahe (to spread)
    N- + ‎firi (to make way) → ‎biri (to take with)
    N- + ‎ise (to hear) → ‎gise (to listen to)
  3. derives a verb from a verb
    N- + ‎himo (old, old person) → ‎ngimo (old)
    N- + ‎hohi (to count (something)) → ‎nyonyohi (to heed (someone's) advice)
    N- + ‎pala (to rise) → ‎bala (to float up)
    N- + ‎tero (to make a hit) → ‎dero (to make a hit)

Usage notes[edit]

N- behaves differently depending upon the initial phoneme of the root it is applied to.

  • initial consonants f and p become b
  • initial consonant t becomes d
  • initial consonant k becomes g
  • initial consonant j becomes j
  • initial consonant h, when deriving historically from *y, becomes ny
  • initial consonants h (not from historical *y) and w become ng
  • initial consonants b, c, d, g, l, m, n, ng, ny r, and s remain unchanged
  • vowel-initial roots with an underlying glottal stop are prefixed with g
  • vowel-initial roots with no underlying glottal stop remain unchanged

References[edit]