शर्करा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शर्करा (śárkarā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शर्करा (śarkarāf (Urdu spelling شرکرا‎)

  1. (formal) sugar (granulated or candied)
    Synonyms: चीनी (cīnī), शक्कर (śakkar)
  2. (chemistry) glucose, saccharose

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *śárkaraH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĉárkaraH, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱorkeh₂ (gravel, boulder). Cognate with Ancient Greek κρόκη (krókē, pebbles).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

शर्करा (śárkarāf

  1. gravel, grit, pebbles, shingle, gravelly mould or soil (mostly plural)
  2. gravel (as a disease)
  3. hardening of the flesh
  4. hardening of the ear-wax
  5. ground or candied sugar
  6. a fragment or piece of broken earthenware, potsherd
  7. cotton sugar, sugarmaple

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of शर्करा (śárkarā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शर्करा
śárkarā
शर्करे
śárkare
शर्कराः
śárkarāḥ
Vocative शर्करे
śárkare
शर्करे
śárkare
शर्कराः
śárkarāḥ
Accusative शर्कराम्
śárkarām
शर्करे
śárkare
शर्कराः
śárkarāḥ
Instrumental शर्करया / शर्करा¹
śárkarayā / śárkarā¹
शर्कराभ्याम्
śárkarābhyām
शर्कराभिः
śárkarābhiḥ
Dative शर्करायै
śárkarāyai
शर्कराभ्याम्
śárkarābhyām
शर्कराभ्यः
śárkarābhyaḥ
Ablative शर्करायाः
śárkarāyāḥ
शर्कराभ्याम्
śárkarābhyām
शर्कराभ्यः
śárkarābhyaḥ
Genitive शर्करायाः
śárkarāyāḥ
शर्करयोः
śárkarayoḥ
शर्कराणाम्
śárkarāṇām
Locative शर्करायाम्
śárkarāyām
शर्करयोः
śárkarayoḥ
शर्करासु
śárkarāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Borrowed terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]