գունդ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian գունդ ‎(gund).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գունդ ‎(gund)

  1. spherical object, sphere, ball, orb
  2. (geometry) sphere
    գնդի ծավալը համեմատական է շառավղի խորանարդին‎ ― gndi cavalə hamematakan ē šaṙavłi xoranardin ― the volume of the sphere is proportional to the cube of the radius
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian գունդ ‎(gund).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գունդ ‎(gund)

  1. (military) regiment
  2. (historical) troop, brigade, battalion (of soldiers)
  3. (archaic) group, assemblage
Declension[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Iranian *gund ‎(spherical object); see Middle Persian gwnd ‎(gund, testicle) for more.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

գունդ ‎(gund)

  1. spherical object, sphere, globe
    գունդ փոքրիկ‎ ― gund pʿokʿrik ― bullet; globule
    գունդ անուոյ‎ ― gund anuoy ― nave of a wheel
    գունդ կշռոց‎ ― gund kšṙocʿ ― weight
    գունդ կապարեայ‎ ― gund kapareay ― lead
  2. arch of heaven, vault
  3. celestial body, heavenly body, orb
  4. the spherical section of the lamp into which the oil is poured
  5. sounding line, plummet
    չափել զծով գնտով‎ ― čʿapʿel zcov gntov ― to sound
  6. wheel
  7. human head
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գունդ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գունդ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “գունդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 593–594
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “²gund”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 38
  • Bartholomae, Christian (1904) Altiranisches Wörterbuch [Old Iranian Dictionary][1] (in German), Strassburg: K. J. Trübner, column 525

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian gwnd ‎(gund, army, troop; group, gathering).

Noun[edit]

գունդ ‎(gund)

  1. group, assemblage, troop (of bees, men, angels but especially of soldiers)
  2. military theme, military province
    կողմն Վասպուրական գնդին‎ ― kołmn Vaspurakan gndin ― Vaspurakan military province
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գունդ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գունդ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “գունդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 594–595
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “¹gund”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 38