libala

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See also: libála

Phuthi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀bada, extensive derivation of Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ba (forget).

Verb[edit]

-líbala

  1. to forget

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *ílibálá, from Proto-Bantu *ìbádà.

Noun[edit]

líbâla class 5 (plural émábâla class 6)

  1. spot
  2. open space, yard

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀bada, extensive derivation of Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ba (forget).

Verb[edit]

-líbala

  1. (transitive) to forget

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀bada, extensive derivation of Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ba (forget).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /liɓaːla/

Verb[edit]

-libala

  1. (intransitive) to delay, to loiter, to take a long time
  2. (transitive) to escape (from memory)
    Igama lakhe lingilibele.
    His name escaped me.

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukulibala
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukulibala ukungalibali
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular libala -libale
Plural libalani -libaleni
Stative
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngilibele engilibele ngilibele angilibele engingalibele ngingalibele
2nd singular ulibele olibele ulibele awulibele ongalibele ungalibele
1st plural silibele esilibele silibele asilibele esingalibele singalibele
2nd plural nilibele enilibele nilibele anilibele eningalibele ningalibele
Class 1 ulibele olibele elibele akalibele ongalibele engalibele
Class 2 balibele abalibele belibele abalibele abangalibele bengalibele
Class 3 ulibele olibele ulibele awulibele ongalibele ongalibele
Class 4 ilibele elibele ilibele ayilibele engalibele ingalibele
Class 5 lilibele elilibele lilibele alilibele elingalibele lingalibele
Class 6 alibele alibele elibele awalibele angalibele engalibele
Class 7 silibele esilibele silibele asilibele esingalibele singalibele
Class 8 zilibele ezilibele zilibele azilibele ezingalibele zingalibele
Class 9 ilibele elibele ilibele ayilibele engalibele ingalibele
Class 10 zilibele ezilibele zilibele azilibele ezingalibele zingalibele
Class 11 lulibele olulibele lulibele alulibele olungalibele lungalibele
Class 14 bulibele obulibele bulibele abulibele obungalibele bungalibele
Class 15 kulibele okulibele kulibele akulibele okungalibele kungalibele
Class 17 kulibele okulibele kulibele akulibele okungalibele kungalibele
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyalibala, ngilibala engilibalayo, engilibala ngilibala angilibali engingalibali ngingalibali
2nd singular uyalibala, ulibala olibalayo, olibala ulibala awulibali ongalibali ungalibali
1st plural siyalibala, silibala esilibalayo, esilibala silibala asilibali esingalibali singalibali
2nd plural niyalibala, nilibala enilibalayo, enilibala nilibala anilibali eningalibali ningalibali
Class 1 uyalibala, ulibala olibalayo, olibala elibala akalibali ongalibali engalibali
Class 2 bayalibala, balibala abalibalayo, abalibala belibala abalibali abangalibali bengalibali
Class 3 uyalibala, ulibala olibalayo, olibala ulibala awulibali ongalibali ungalibali
Class 4 iyalibala, ilibala elibalayo, elibala ilibala ayilibali engalibali ingalibali
Class 5 liyalibala, lilibala elilibalayo, elilibala lilibala alilibali elingalibali lingalibali
Class 6 ayalibala, alibala alibalayo, alibala elibala awalibali angalibali engalibali
Class 7 siyalibala, silibala esilibalayo, esilibala silibala asilibali esingalibali singalibali
Class 8 ziyalibala, zilibala ezilibalayo, ezilibala zilibala azilibali ezingalibali zingalibali
Class 9 iyalibala, ilibala elibalayo, elibala ilibala ayilibali engalibali ingalibali
Class 10 ziyalibala, zilibala ezilibalayo, ezilibala zilibala azilibali ezingalibali zingalibali
Class 11 luyalibala, lulibala olulibalayo, olulibala lulibala alulibali olungalibali lungalibali
Class 14 buyalibala, bulibala obulibalayo, obulibala bulibala abulibali obungalibali bungalibali
Class 15 kuyalibala, kulibala okulibalayo, okulibala kulibala akulibali okungalibali kungalibali
Class 17 kuyalibala, kulibala okulibalayo, okulibala kulibala akulibali okungalibali kungalibali
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngilibalile, ngilibalē engilibalile, engilibalē ngilibalile, ngilibalē angilibalanga engingalibalanga ngingalibalanga
2nd singular ulibalile, ulibalē olibalile, olibalē ulibalile, ulibalē awulibalanga ongalibalanga ungalibalanga
1st plural silibalile, silibalē esilibalile, esilibalē silibalile, silibalē asilibalanga esingalibalanga singalibalanga
2nd plural nilibalile, nilibalē enilibalile, enilibalē nilibalile, nilibalē anilibalanga eningalibalanga ningalibalanga
Class 1 ulibalile, ulibalē olibalile, olibalē elibalile, elibalē akalibalanga ongalibalanga engalibalanga
Class 2 balibalile, balibalē abalibalile, abalibalē belibalile, belibalē abalibalanga abangalibalanga bengalibalanga
Class 3 ulibalile, ulibalē olibalile, olibalē ulibalile, ulibalē awulibalanga ongalibalanga ungalibalanga
Class 4 ilibalile, ilibalē elibalile, elibalē ilibalile, ilibalē ayilibalanga engalibalanga ingalibalanga
Class 5 lilibalile, lilibalē elilibalile, elilibalē lilibalile, lilibalē alilibalanga elingalibalanga lingalibalanga
Class 6 alibalile, alibalē alibalile, alibalē elibalile, elibalē awalibalanga angalibalanga engalibalanga
Class 7 silibalile, silibalē esilibalile, esilibalē silibalile, silibalē asilibalanga esingalibalanga singalibalanga
Class 8 zilibalile, zilibalē ezilibalile, ezilibalē zilibalile, zilibalē azilibalanga ezingalibalanga zingalibalanga
Class 9 ilibalile, ilibalē elibalile, elibalē ilibalile, ilibalē ayilibalanga engalibalanga ingalibalanga
Class 10 zilibalile, zilibalē ezilibalile, ezilibalē zilibalile, zilibalē azilibalanga ezingalibalanga zingalibalanga
Class 11 lulibalile, lulibalē olulibalile, olulibalē lulibalile, lulibalē alulibalanga olungalibalanga lungalibalanga
Class 14 bulibalile, bulibalē obulibalile, obulibalē bulibalile, bulibalē abulibalanga obungalibalanga bungalibalanga
Class 15 kulibalile, kulibalē okulibalile, okulibalē kulibalile, kulibalē akulibalanga okungalibalanga kungalibalanga
Class 17 kulibalile, kulibalē okulibalile, okulibalē kulibalile, kulibalē akulibalanga okungalibalanga kungalibalanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngālibala engālibala ngālibala angilibalanga engingalibalanga ngingalibalanga
2nd singular wālibala owālibala wālibala awulibalanga ongalibalanga ungalibalanga
1st plural sālibala esālibala sālibala asilibalanga esingalibalanga singalibalanga
2nd plural nālibala enālibala nālibala anilibalanga eningalibalanga ningalibalanga
Class 1 wālibala owālibala ālibala akalibalanga ongalibalanga engalibalanga
Class 2 bālibala abālibala bālibala abalibalanga abangalibalanga bengalibalanga
Class 3 wālibala owālibala wālibala awulibalanga ongalibalanga ungalibalanga
Class 4 yālibala eyālibala yālibala ayilibalanga engalibalanga ingalibalanga
Class 5 lālibala elālibala lālibala alilibalanga elingalibalanga lingalibalanga
Class 6 ālibala ālibala ālibala awalibalanga angalibalanga engalibalanga
Class 7 sālibala esālibala sālibala asilibalanga esingalibalanga singalibalanga
Class 8 zālibala ezālibala zālibala azilibalanga ezingalibalanga zingalibalanga
Class 9 yālibala eyālibala yālibala ayilibalanga engalibalanga ingalibalanga
Class 10 zālibala ezālibala zālibala azilibalanga ezingalibalanga zingalibalanga
Class 11 lwālibala olwālibala lwālibala alulibalanga olungalibalanga lungalibalanga
Class 14 bālibala obālibala bālibala abulibalanga obungalibalanga bungalibalanga
Class 15 kwālibala okwālibala kwālibala akulibalanga okungalibalanga kungalibalanga
Class 17 kwālibala okwālibala kwālibala akulibalanga okungalibalanga kungalibalanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingalibala ngingalibala ngingelibale ngingelibale
2nd singular ungalibala ungalibala ungelibale ungelibale
1st plural singalibala singalibala singelibale singelibale
2nd plural ningalibala ningalibala ningelibale ningelibale
Class 1 angalibala engalibala angelibale engelibale
Class 2 bangalibala bengalibala bangelibale bengelibale
Class 3 ungalibala ungalibala ungelibale ungelibale
Class 4 ingalibala ingalibala ingelibale ingelibale
Class 5 lingalibala lingalibala lingelibale lingelibale
Class 6 angalibala engalibala angelibale engelibale
Class 7 singalibala singalibala singelibale singelibale
Class 8 zingalibala zingalibala zingelibale zingelibale
Class 9 ingalibala ingalibala ingelibale ingelibale
Class 10 zingalibala zingalibala zingelibale zingelibale
Class 11 lungalibala lungalibala lungelibale lungelibale
Class 14 bungalibala bungalibala bungelibale bungelibale
Class 15 kungalibala kungalibala kungelibale kungelibale
Class 17 kungalibala kungalibala kungelibale kungelibale
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizolibala engizolibala ngizolibala angizulibala engingezulibala ngingezulibala
2nd singular uzolibala ozolibala uzolibala awuzulibala ongezulibala ungezulibala
1st plural sizolibala esizolibala sizolibala asizulibala esingezulibala singezulibala
2nd plural nizolibala enizolibala nizolibala anizulibala eningezulibala ningezulibala
Class 1 uzolibala ozolibala ezolibala akazulibala ongezulibala engezulibala
Class 2 bazolibala abazolibala bezolibala abazulibala abangezulibala bengezulibala
Class 3 uzolibala ozolibala uzolibala awuzulibala ongezulibala ungezulibala
Class 4 izolibala ezolibala izolibala ayizulibala engezulibala ingezulibala
Class 5 lizolibala elizolibala lizolibala alizulibala elingezulibala lingezulibala
Class 6 azolibala azolibala ezolibala awazulibala angezulibala engezulibala
Class 7 sizolibala esizolibala sizolibala asizulibala esingezulibala singezulibala
Class 8 zizolibala ezizolibala zizolibala azizulibala ezingezulibala zingezulibala
Class 9 izolibala ezolibala izolibala ayizulibala engezulibala ingezulibala
Class 10 zizolibala ezizolibala zizolibala azizulibala ezingezulibala zingezulibala
Class 11 luzolibala oluzolibala luzolibala aluzulibala olungezulibala lungezulibala
Class 14 buzolibala obuzolibala buzolibala abuzulibala obungezulibala bungezulibala
Class 15 kuzolibala okuzolibala kuzolibala akuzulibala okungezulibala kungezulibala
Class 17 kuzolibala okuzolibala kuzolibala akuzulibala okungezulibala kungezulibala
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyolibala engiyolibala ngiyolibala angiyulibala engingeyulibala ngingeyulibala
2nd singular uyolibala oyolibala uyolibala awuyulibala ongeyulibala ungeyulibala
1st plural siyolibala esiyolibala siyolibala asiyulibala esingeyulibala singeyulibala
2nd plural niyolibala eniyolibala niyolibala aniyulibala eningeyulibala ningeyulibala
Class 1 uyolibala oyolibala eyolibala akayulibala ongeyulibala engeyulibala
Class 2 bayolibala abayolibala beyolibala abayulibala abangeyulibala bengeyulibala
Class 3 uyolibala oyolibala uyolibala awuyulibala ongeyulibala ungeyulibala
Class 4 iyolibala eyolibala iyolibala ayiyulibala engeyulibala ingeyulibala
Class 5 liyolibala eliyolibala liyolibala aliyulibala elingeyulibala lingeyulibala
Class 6 ayolibala ayolibala eyolibala awayulibala angeyulibala engeyulibala
Class 7 siyolibala esiyolibala siyolibala asiyulibala esingeyulibala singeyulibala
Class 8 ziyolibala eziyolibala ziyolibala aziyulibala ezingeyulibala zingeyulibala
Class 9 iyolibala eyolibala iyolibala ayiyulibala engeyulibala ingeyulibala
Class 10 ziyolibala eziyolibala ziyolibala aziyulibala ezingeyulibala zingeyulibala
Class 11 luyolibala oluyolibala luyolibala aluyulibala olungeyulibala lungeyulibala
Class 14 buyolibala obuyolibala buyolibala abuyulibala obungeyulibala bungeyulibala
Class 15 kuyolibala okuyolibala kuyolibala akuyulibala okungeyulibala kungeyulibala
Class 17 kuyolibala okuyolibala kuyolibala akuyulibala okungeyulibala kungeyulibala
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngilibale ngingalibali
2nd singular ulibale ungalibali
1st plural silibale singalibali
2nd plural nilibale ningalibali
Class 1 alibale angalibali
Class 2 balibale bangalibali
Class 3 ulibale ungalibali
Class 4 ilibale ingalibali
Class 5 lilibale lingalibali
Class 6 alibale angalibali
Class 7 silibale singalibali
Class 8 zilibale zingalibali
Class 9 ilibale ingalibali
Class 10 zilibale zingalibali
Class 11 lulibale lungalibali
Class 14 bulibale bungalibali
Class 15 kulibale kungalibali
Class 17 kulibale kungalibali
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngalibala ngangalibala, angalibala, angangalibala
2nd singular walibala wangalibala, awalibala, awangalibala
1st plural salibala sangalibala, asalibala, asangalibala
2nd plural nalibala nangalibala, analibala, anangalibala
Class 1 walibala wangalibala, akalibala, akangalibala
Class 2 balibala bangalibala, abalibala, abangalibala
Class 3 walibala wangalibala, awalibala, awangalibala
Class 4 yalibala yangalibala, ayalibala, ayangalibala
Class 5 lalibala langalibala, alalibala, alangalibala
Class 6 alibala angalibala, awalibala, awangalibala
Class 7 salibala sangalibala, asalibala, asangalibala
Class 8 zalibala zangalibala, azalibala, azangalibala
Class 9 yalibala yangalibala, ayalibala, ayangalibala
Class 10 zalibala zangalibala, azalibala, azangalibala
Class 11 lwalibala lwangalibala, alwalibala, alwangalibala
Class 14 balibala bangalibala, abalibala, abangalibala
Class 15 kwalibala kwangalibala, akwalibala, akwangalibala
Class 17 kwalibala kwangalibala, akwalibala, akwangalibala

References[edit]