alem

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See also: além, âlem, and -alem

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

alem

  1. third-person plural (eles and elas, also used with vocês and others) present subjunctive of alar
  2. third-person plural (vocês) affirmative imperative of alar
  3. third-person plural (vocês) negative imperative of alar

Adverb[edit]

alem (not comparable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of além

Noun[edit]

alem m (plural alens)

  1. Obsolete spelling of além

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

It may be connected with Greek ἀδάμας (adámas, diamond), or come from Old French alemande[1]. Alternatively from Ottoman Turkish, from Arabic عَلَم (ʿalam, sign, token; symbol; banner).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǎlem/
  • Hyphenation: a‧lem

Noun[edit]

àlem m (Cyrillic spelling а̀лем)

  1. jewel, gem
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish عالم (âlem) (Turkish alem), from Arabic عَالَم (ʿālam, world).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǎːlem/
  • Hyphenation: a‧lem

Noun[edit]

álem m (Cyrillic spelling а́лем)

  1. world

References[edit]

  1. ^ Petar Skok, Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Z., 1971, v. 1, p. 28, alem: mislim da se u alem može da sakriva grčka riječ adāmas »dijamant« ... Ali treba pomišljati i na to da se može raditi o istoj riječi alemande, koja dolazi u spomenutom starofrancuskom Pelerinage-M

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَلَم (ʿalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [aˈlɛm]
  • Hyphenation: a‧lem

Noun[edit]

alem (definite accusative alemi, plural alemler)

  1. banner
  2. flag
  3. The crescent made out of bronze or copper placed at the peak of minarets.

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative alem
Definite accusative alemi
Singular Plural
Nominative alem alemler
Definite accusative alemi alemleri
Dative aleme alemlere
Locative alemde alemlerde
Ablative alemden alemlerden
Genitive alemin alemlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular alemim alemlerim
2nd singular alemin alemlerin
3rd singular alemi alemleri
1st plural alemimiz alemlerimiz
2nd plural aleminiz alemleriniz
3rd plural alemleri alemleri

References[edit]

  • alem in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu