ἀδάμας

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See also: αδάμας

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Often derived from ἀ- (a-, not) + δαμνάω (damnáō, conquer), as “indomitable”, but Beekes remarks that semantically this is strange and the word is rather a Semitic borrowing that was adapted by folk etymology; compare Akkadian 𒀀𒁕𒈬 (adamu) or 𒋤𒉘 (elmēšu [SUD.ÁG], a valuable stone, perhaps amber). Middle Persian ʾlmʾs (almās) is probably from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /á.dá.maːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈaˈda.mas/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈaˈða.mas/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈaˈða.mas/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈaˈða.mas/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἀδᾰ́μᾱς (adámāsm (genitive ἀδᾰ́μᾰντος); third declension

    1. adamant, the hardest metal (probably steel)
    2. a hard metal resembling gold
    3. diamond

    Declension[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    ἀδάμᾱς (adámāsm, f (neuter ἀδάμαν); third declension

    1. (figuratively) fixed, unalterable
    2. not to be broken, inflexible

    Declension[edit]

    References[edit]