ἀδάμας

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Often derived from ἀ- ‎(a-, not) + δαμνάω ‎(damnáō, conquer), as “indomitable”, but Beekes remarks that semantically this is strange and the word is rather a Semitic borrowing that was adapted by folk etymology; compare Akkadian 𒀀𒁕𒈬 ‎(adamu) or 𒋤𒉘 ‎(elmēšu [SUD.ÁG], a valuable stone, perhaps amber). Middle Persian ʾlmʾs ‎(almās) is probably from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ἀδάμᾱς ‎(adámāsm, f ‎(neuter ?); third declension

  1. unconquerable
    1. (masculine substantive) adamant, the hardest metal (probably steel)
      1. (figuratively) fixed, unalterable
      2. a hard metal resembling gold
      3. diamond
    2. not to be broken, inflexible

Noun[edit]

ἀδᾰ́μᾱς ‎(adámāsm ‎(genitive ἀδᾰ́μᾰντος); third declension adamas may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek ἀδᾰ́μᾱς.

  1. adamant
  2. diamond

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • «ἀδάμας» in Trapp, Erich (1994–2007) Lexikon zur byzantinischen Gräzität besonders des 9.-12. Jahrhunderts [the Lexicon of Byzantine Hellenism, Particularly the 9th-12th Centuries], Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 19
  • Skok, Petar (1971), “adàmanat”, in Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume I, Zagreb: JAZU, pages 8–9