ἀ-

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See also: α-, ά-, and ἁ-

Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *ə-, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥-. The form ἀν-(an-) appears when followed by laryngeal and a vowel: that is, in an open syllable of the n̥HV- form. Akin to νη-(nē-), νᾱ-(nā-) and νω-(nō-), which are closed-syllable reflexes of the n̥h₁C-, n̥h₂C-, n̥h₃C- forms, respectively.

Cognate with Old English and English un-, Latin in-, Sanskrit अ-(a-), Old Irish in- and an-.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ἀν-(an-) before vowels
  • νη-(nē-), νᾱ-(nā-), νω-(nō-) before Proto-Indo-European laryngeal and consonant

Prefix[edit]

ᾰ̓- ‎(a-)

  1. The alpha privativum, used to make words that have a sense opposite to the word (or stem) to which the prefix is attached. It is also known as privative a and alpha privative.
Usage notes[edit]

The alpha is usually short, but long when added to a stem that begins with three short syllables. Thus, words such as ἀ-δάματος(a-dámatos)) begin with long alpha in Epic, and frequently also in Lyric, Tragic, or Comic poetry. ἀθάνατος(athánatos) and all its compounds always have long alpha.

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ᾰ̓- ‎(a-)

  1. Alternative form of ἁ-(ha-)

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[edit]

ᾰ̓- ‎(a-)

  1. The alpha intensivum, used to strengthen the force of compounds.

Etymology 4[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[edit]

ᾰ̓- ‎(a-)

  1. The alpha euphonicum, used to soften pronunciation before two consonants.

References[edit]

  • ἀ- in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἀ- in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • free idem, page 343.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1