ἀ-

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See also: α-, ά-, and ἁ-

Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥- (not, un-) when followed by a consonant. Cognate with Latin in-, Old Irish in-, an-, Sanskrit अ- (a-). Akin to ἀν- (an-), νη- (nē-), νᾱ- (nā-) and νω- (nō-).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (used before vowels) ἀν- (an-)

Prefix[edit]

ᾰ̓- (a-)

  1. The alpha privativum, used to make words that have a sense opposite to the word (or stem) to which the prefix is attached. It is also known as privative a and alpha privative.
Usage notes[edit]

The alpha is short, except in adjectives which begin with three short syllables not including ἀ- (e.g. ἀδάματος (adámatos)) which have long alpha in Epic, and frequently also in Lyric, Tragic, or Comic poetry. ἀθάνατος (athánatos) and all compounds thereof have long alpha invariably.

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ἀ- (a-), ὀ- (o-)

Prefix[edit]

ᾰ̓- (a-)

  1. Alternative form of ἁ- (ha-)

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ᾰ̓- (a-)

  1. The alpha intensivum, used to strengthen the force of compounds.

Etymology 4[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ᾰ̓- (a-)

  1. The alpha euphonicum, used to soften pronunciation before two consonants.

References[edit]